Journal of Nonverbal Behavior

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 105–123 | Cite as

Beliefs about the nonverbal expression of social power

  • Dana R. Carney
  • Judith A. Hall
  • Lavonia Smith LeBeau


In two vignette studies we examined beliefs about the nonverbal behavior and communication skills associated with high and low social power. Power was defined as both a trait (personality dominance) and a role (rank within an organization). Seventy nonverbal behaviors and skills were examined. Both Study 1 (a within-participants design) and Study 2 (a between-participants design) yielded highly similar results. Significant differences emerged for 35 of the 70 behaviors. The gender of the target individuals did not moderate beliefs about the relation of nonverbal behavior and power.


beliefs emotion nonverbal power stereotypes 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dana R. Carney
    • 1
  • Judith A. Hall
    • 2
  • Lavonia Smith LeBeau
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyNortheastern UniversityBostonUSA
  3. 3.Pennsylvania State UniversityUSA

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