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Treatment of Depression in Primary Care with Computerized Psychological Therapies: Systematic Reviews

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Abstract

Depression is one of the most important causes of disability due to illness in our environment. The primary care health system receives a high percentage of this consultation about psychological distress. Often this end in a pharmacological overtreatment in patients with mild depression, due to a lack of access to alternative tools for management. To analyze the evidence that exists by now about the effectiveness of computerized psychological therapies, in people with depression in primary care setting. The search process was mainly done through MEDLINE and Cochrane using keywords such as: “depression”, “treatment”, “primary care”, “online”, “internet”, “computerized”, “Cognitive Behavioral Therapy” and delimiting the search by years and types of studies. The Oxman quality scale was used to analyze quality of Systematic Reviews (SR). 11 previous SR were analyzed. Almost all research is experimental and has not been implemented in the public health network except in the United Kingdom, where there is a tradition in the use of the Beating the Blues program. It requires research in our country and development of programs in Spanish, or adaptation of those of other countries, to test the effectiveness in our health system and to study, in turn, the cost-efficiency. But it is proven to be effective in reducing depressive symptoms and must be study as a possible tool to be introduced in the management of depression in non-specialized care.

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Acknowledgements

This research has been partially supported by the European Commission and the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism under the project AAL-20125036 named “WetakeCare: ICT- based Solution for (Self-) Management of Daily Living”.

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Correspondence to Isabel de la Torre-Díez.

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Rodriguez-Pulido, F., Castillo, G., Hamrioui, S. et al. Treatment of Depression in Primary Care with Computerized Psychological Therapies: Systematic Reviews. J Med Syst 44, 67 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10916-020-1543-7

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Keywords

  • Depression
  • Treatment
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Primary care