Behavior under Load of A Human Shoulder: Finite Element Simulation and Analysis

  • Manuel Islán MarcosEmail author
  • Emilio Lechosa Urquijo
  • Fernando Blaya Haro
  • Roberto D’AmatoEmail author
  • Enrique Soriano Heras
  • Juan Antonio JuanesEmail author
Education & Training
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Technological Innovations in Biomedical Training and Practice (TEEM 2018)


Most musculoskeletal injuries occur during the work routines in different areas, due to repetitive and sustained movements, they are often located in the shoulder. For workers in the building sector, the repetitive movements and displacements occur under load and unnatural postures of the shoulder joint. For this reason, this study aims to model in 3D the biological components which form the shoulder joint for the later finite element analysis. Three cases with different loads have been considered for this study. Due to a linear and isotropic joint approach it has been possible to evaluate the tensions in the main components of the shoulders: muscles, tendons and ligaments. The methodology used allowed obtaining an improved mesh of the shoulder joint to analyse real situations with finite element method analysis with applications in the field of sports medicine, work, etc. Furthermore, the simplification adopted for modelling the joint muscles, as 1D elements in the finite element model has made it possible to establish different positions of human joint without mesh again each of the studied positions. The results are consistent with the states of applied loads. In fact, the maximum stresses in bones are in the insertion areas of the ligaments. Due to the static positions of the joint under study, the muscles do not support high stresses. According to the stresses distribution, the maximum values are in the zones of tendons. From the result analysis, it is observed how the stresses distribution in the cartilage area maintains coherence with reality since the maximum stresses appear in the lower half of the cartilage. In this area in which the Humerus-scapula contact is greater, the compression tensions are greater.


Finite element analysis Shoulder Humerus Muscles Tendons Ligaments 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Manuel Islán Marcos declares that he has no conflict of interest. Emilio Lechosa Urquijo declares that he has no conflict of interest. Fernando Blaya Haro declares that he has no conflict of interest. Roberto D’Amato declares that he has no conflict of interest. Enrique Soriano Heras declares that he has no conflict of interest. Juan Antonio Juanes declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería y Diseño IndustrialUniversidad Politécnica de MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.Dpto. de Ingeniería MecánicaUniversidad Carlos III de MadridLeganésSpain
  3. 3.Campus Miguel de UnamunoUniversidad de SalamancaSalamancaSpain

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