Advertisement

Application of PDF Software with 3D Functionalities in Radiological Models of the Skull Base: Characteristics, Experience and Solutions

  • Roberto D. Tabernero RicoEmail author
  • Juan Antonio Juanes Méndez
  • Alberto Prats-Galino
Education & Training
  • 14 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Technological Innovations in Biomedical Training and Practice (TEEM 2018)

Abstract

A widely known alternative for reading and exchanging digital files is the PDF file, by Adobe. This type of file has become the most used for the electronic exchange of files. It is platform-independent, suitable for the exchange of medical data in electronic academic publication. PDF can support additional resources such image, media, even, three-dimensional surface mesh models. A three-dimensional model of the base of the skull is generated from computed tomography images to provide an overview of the PDF file format, with emphasis on biomedical images. Three-dimensional representation in PDF files offers many advantages, as these images have more information than two-dimensional images, therefore, we consider this tool (3D PDF) a good alternative for the visualization, interaction and distribution of 3D content.

Keywords

3D PDF Tridimensional images Interactive visualization Skull base 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Human and animal rights

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Conflict of interest

The author declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Who Created the PDF? Adobe Blog, 2015 [cited 2018 Dec 29]. Available from: https://theblog.adobe.com/who-created-pdf/
  2. 2.
    The history of PDF | How the file format and Acrobat evolved. [cited 2018 Dec 27]. Available from: https://www.prepressure.com/pdf/basics/history
  3. 3.
    History of PDF – rgbcmyk. [cited 2018 Dec 29]. Available from: http://rgbcmyk.com.ar/en/history-of-pdf/
  4. 4.
    14:00-17:00. ISO 32000-1:2008. ISO. [cited 2018 Dec 29]. Available from: http://www.iso.org/cms/render/live/en/sites/isoorg/contents/data/standard/05/15/51502.html
  5. 5.
    14:00-17:00. ISO 32000-2:2017. ISO. [cited 2018 Dec 27]. Available from: http://www.iso.org/cms/render/live/en/sites/isoorg/contents/data/standard/06/35/63534.html
  6. 6.
    Taking Documents to the Next Level with PDF 2.0. Adobe Blog. 2017 [cited 2018 Dec 29]. Available from: https://theblog.adobe.com/taking-documents-to-the-next-level-with-pdf-2-0/
  7. 7.
    The Coming of PDF 2.0 - Part 1 | Artifex. [cited 2018 Dec 29]. Available from: https://artifex.com/the-coming-of-pdf-2-0-part-1/
  8. 8.
    Bangeas, P., Drevelegas, K., Agorastou, C., Tzounis, L., Chorti, A., Paramythiotis, D. et al., Three-dimensional printing as an educational tool in colorectal surgery. Front Biosci Elite Ed. 11:29–37, 2019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ruthensteiner, B., Heß, M., Embedding 3D models of biological specimens in PDF publications. Microsc Res Tech. 71(11):778–86. Available from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jemt.20618
  10. 10.
    Tory, M., Moller, T., Human factors in visualization research. IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph. [cited 2018 Nov 29]; 10(1):72–84, 2004. Available from: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/1260759/
  11. 11.
    Newe, A., and Becker, L., Using Interactive 3D PDF for Exploring Complex Biomedical Data: Experiences and Solutions. Stud Health Technol Inform. 228:740–744, 2016.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Newe, A., and Ganslandt, T., Simplified generation of biomedical 3D surface model data for embedding into 3D portable document format (PDF) files for publication and education. PLoS One 8(11):e79004, 2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Phelps, A., Naeger, D. M., and Marcovici, P., Embedding 3D radiology models in portable document format. AJR Am. J. Roentgenol. 199(6):1342–1344, 2012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kumar, P., Ziegler, A., Ziegler, J., Uchanska-Ziegler, B., and Ziegler, A., Grasping molecular structures through publication-integrated 3D models. Trends Biochem Sci. [cited 2018 Dec 3]; 33(9):408–12, 2008. Available from: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0968000408001473
  15. 15.
    Merritt, E. A., and Bacon, D. J., Raster3D: photorealistic molecular graphics. Methods Enzymol. 277:505–524, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Herráez, A., Biomolecules in the computer: Jmol to the rescue. Biochem Mol Biol Educ. 34(4):255–61, 2006. Available from: https://iubmb.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/bmb.2006.494034042644
  17. 17.
    Murphy, S. B., Kijewski, P. K., Simon, S. R., Chandler, H. P., Griffin, P. P., Reilly, D. T. et al., Computer-aided simulation, analysis, and design in orthopedic surgery. Orthop Clin North Am. 17(4):637–649, 1986.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rydmark, M., Kling-Petersen, T., Pascher, R., and Philip, F., 3D visualization and stereographic techniques for medical research and education. Stud Health Technol Inform. 81:434–439, 2001.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kohli, K., Wei, Z. A., Yoganathan, A. P., Oshinski, J. N., Leipsic, J., and Blanke, P., Transcatheter Mitral Valve Planning and the Neo-LVOT: Utilization of Virtual Simulation Models and 3D Printing. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med. 20(12):99, 2018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sun, X., Zhu, K., Zhang, W., Zhang, H., Hu, F., and Wang, C., Three-Dimensional Printing of a Complex Aortic Anomaly. J Vis Exp JoVE. (141), 2018.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Singhal, A. J., Shetty, V., Bhagavan, K. R., Ragothaman, A., Shetty, V., Koneru, G. et al., Improved Surgery Planning Using 3-D Printing: a Case Study. Indian J Surg. 78(2):100–104, 2016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hospital Virgen Concha, Complejo Asistencial de ZamoraZamoraSpain
  2. 2.VisualMed System GroupUniversity of SalamancaSalamancaSpain
  3. 3.Laboratory of Surgical NeuroAnatomy, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

Personalised recommendations