Experimental Comparison on Dental BioTribological Pairs Zirconia/Zirconia and Zirconia/Natural Tooth by Using a Reciprocating Tribometer

  • Alessandro Ruggiero
  • Roberto D’AmatoEmail author
  • Ludovico Sbordone
  • Fernando Blaya Haro
  • Antonio Lanza
Education & Training
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Technological Innovations in Biomedical Training and Practice (TEEM 2018)


The application of tribology in dentistry is growing rapidly, intense research has been conducted to develop an understanding of dental tribology for better selection of artificial materials and dental implant design. Dental biotribology, has been one of the most important branches in biotribology in recent years. The aim of this research is to investigate the tribological performances in the tooth-to-tooth contact and material-to-natural tooth contact (zirconia vs. zirconia and natural tooth vs. zirconia). The presented research was carried out by testing the above mentioned tribological pairs with the use of a reciprocating tribometer under lubricated conditions (artificial saliva). The normal force used in the tests was 20 N the time for each test was of 60 min. The stroke length was 2 mm, according to the range of displacement used in scientific literature. The wear mass loss evaluation was evaluated by using a gravimetric method. In order to characterize the wear mechanisms, present in the worn surfaces after each of tribo-tests, a topographic analysis was carried with a 3D non-contact optical profiler. The results show that the minimum value of the COF is obtained in the case of Zirconia vs. Zirconia tribo-couple. The results on the wear mass loss show a very low wear rate when coupling in tribological condition natural tooth with a ceramic restoration (a mean value of 0.5 mg was found). This rate is even lower when the contact is between two artificial zirconia teeth.


Biotribology Dental Friction coefficient Experimental 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Alessandro Ruggiero declares that he has no conflict of interest. Roberto D’Amato declares that he has no conflict of interest. Ludovico Sbordone declares that he has no conflict of interest. Fernando Blaya Haro declares that he has no conflict of interest. Antonio Lanza declares that he has no conflict of interest.

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Industrial EngineeringUniversity of SalernoFiscianoItaly
  2. 2.Technical University of MadridMadridSpain
  3. 3.Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Schola Medica Salernitana”, School of DentistryUniversity of Salerno Via S. AllendeBaronissiItaly

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