Psychophysiological Stress Response of a Paralympic Athlete During an Ultra-Endurance Event. A Case Study

  • Pedro Belinchón-deMiguel
  • Pablo Ruisoto-Palomera
  • Vicente Javier Clemente-SuárezEmail author
Education & Training
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Technological Innovations in Biomedical Training and Practice (TEEM 2018)


Psychophysiological response of athletes with spinal cord injurie has not been reported yet in scientific literature. The aim of this study is to examine the psychophysiological stress response of Paralympic athlete during competitive activities. We collected the following psychophysiological measurements: anxiety-trait, anxiety-state, locus of control, perceived psychological stress, stress-copying style, rate of perceived exertion, perceived muscle pain, body temperature, forced vital capacity, blood oxygen saturation, blood glucose and lactate concentrations, isometric hand strength, cortical arousal, heart rate variability, heart rate and velocities of a female Paralympic spinal cord injured athlete in a 11 h and 44 min ultraendurance mountain event. An ultraendurance mountain even produced an increase in the sympathetic autonomous modulation, heart rate, lactate, muscular pain and rated of perceived exertion and a decrease in cortical arousal, hand strength and respiratory muscle in a spinal cord injurie female athlete during. The Paralympic athletes presented a low psychological inflexibility, high life engagement, strong internal locus of control, a low trait and state anxiety and medium perceived psychological stress. These results are consistent with the expected response during a highly stressful situation and consistent with previous findings in athletes without spinal cord injurie.


Psychophysiological stress response Rate of perceived exertion Locus of control Cortical arousal Spinal cord injury Heart rate variability 



This study was partially founded by the project 2016/UEM26.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest


Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Enfermería, Facultad de Ciencias Biomédicas y de la SaludUniversidad Europea de MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.Department of Basic Psychology, Psychobiology and Methodology of Human BehaviorUniversity of SalamancaSalamancaSpain
  3. 3.Faculty of Sports SciencesUniversidad Europea de MadridMadridSpain
  4. 4.Grupo de Investigación en Cultura, Educación y SociedadUniversidad de la CostaBarranquillaColombia
  5. 5.Faculty of Sport Sciences, Department of Sport ScienceMadridSpain

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