3D Models of Female Pelvis Structures Reconstructed and Represented in Combination with Anatomical and Radiological Sections
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We present a computer program designed to visualize and interact with three-dimensional models of the main anatomical structures of the female pelvis. They are reconstructed from serial sections of corpse, from the Visible Human project of the Medical Library of the United States and from serial sections of high-resolution magnetic resonance. It is possible to represent these three-dimensional structures in any spatial orientation, together with sectional images of corpse and magnetic resonance imaging, in the three planes of space (axial, coronal and sagittal) that facilitates the anatomical understanding and the identification of the set of visceral structures of this body region. Actually, there are few studies that analysze in detail the radiological anatomy of the female pelvis using three-dimensional models together with sectional images, making use of open applications for the representation of virtual scenes on low cost Windows® platforms. Our technological development allows the observation of the main female pelvis viscera in three dimensions with a very intuitive graphic interface. This computer application represents an important training tool for both medical students and specialists in gynecology and as a preliminary step in the planning of pelvic floor surgery.
KeywordsThree-dimensional models Corpse sections visible human project Radiological female pelvis anatomy Corpse female pelvis anatomy High resolution magnetic resonance Computer development
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
L. Asensio Romero declares that she has no conflict of interest. M. Asensio Gómez declares that he has no conflict of interest. A. Prats-Galino declares that he has no conflict of interest. J. A. Juanes Méndez declares that he has no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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