Journal of Medical Systems

, 42:32 | Cite as

Psychophysiological, Body Composition, Biomechanical and Autonomic Modulation Analysis Procedures in an Ultraendurance Mountain Race

  • Pedro Belinchon-deMiguel
  • Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez
Education & Training
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Emergent Visualization Systems in Biomedical Sciences (TEEM 2017)


The current research aimed to analyze psychophysiological, body composition, biomechanical and autonomic modifications in an ultraendurance mountain race. We analyzed 11 finisher voluntary athletes that participated in a 51.2 km ultraendurance mountain race. We measured before and after the mountain ultraendurance event the following parameters: Rate of perceived exertion, body composition, cortical arousal, blood pressure, body temperature, forced vital capacity, blood oxygen saturation, isometric hand strength and heart rate variability parameters. The results of temperature, rate of perceived exertion, heart rate and the percentage of body water at the end of the race increased significantly. However, the variables of body weight, body fat, muscle, body mass index, abdominal fat, blood oxygen saturation, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, cortical arousal and hands and legs strength significantly decreased after the race. The square root of the average of the sum of the differences squared between normal adjacent R-R intervals, percentage of differences between normal adjacent R-R intervals, high-frequency, sensitivity of the short-term variability, and long-term variability decreased significantly after the race. By contrary low-frequency increased significantly at the end of the race. An ultraendurance mountain event produced a large anticipatory anxiety response, an increase in sympathetic modulation, body fat consumption, percentage of body water, and RPE, not affecting the cortical arousal.


Cortical arousal Heart rate variability Bioimpedance Rate of perceived exertion Lactate Training 



This study had no funding support.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Author José Francisco Tornero-Aguilera declares that he has no conflict of interest. Author Jose Juan Robles-Perez declares that he has no conflict of interest. Vicente Javier Clemente-Suarez declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving hu- man participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Galapagar Health CenterGalapagarSpain
  2. 2.Applied Psychophysiological Research GroupEuropean University of MadridMadridSpain
  3. 3.Center for Excellence in Health, Sport and Life SciencesEuropean University of MadridMadridSpain
  4. 4.Faculty of Sport Sciences, Department of Sport ScienceMadridSpain

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