Privacy and Security in Mobile Health Apps: A Review and Recommendations
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In a world where the industry of mobile applications is continuously expanding and new health care apps and devices are created every day, it is important to take special care of the collection and treatment of users’ personal health information. However, the appropriate methods to do this are not usually taken into account by apps designers and insecure applications are released. This paper presents a study of security and privacy in mHealth, focusing on three parts: a study of the existing laws regulating these aspects in the European Union and the United States, a review of the academic literature related to this topic, and a proposal of some recommendations for designers in order to create mobile health applications that satisfy the current security and privacy legislation. This paper will complement other standards and certifications about security and privacy and will suppose a quick guide for apps designers, developers and researchers.
KeywordsApps Recommendations Laws Mobile health (m-health) Privacy Security
Advanced Encryption Standard
Security and privacy in Body Sensor Network
Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act
Electronic Health Records
Federal Trade Commission
Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
International Mobile Equipment Identity
National Committee for Vital and Health Statistics
Personal Health Information
Public Key Infrastructure
Radio Frequency Identification
Rivest, Shamir and Adleman
Subscriber Identity Module
Transport Layer Security
United States of America
Virtual Private Network
This research has been partially supported by Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Spain.
Conflicts of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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