Journal of Medical Systems

, 38:140 | Cite as

Service Oriented Architecture for Clinical Decision Support: A Systematic Review and Future Directions

  • Salvador Rodriguez LoyaEmail author
  • Kensaku Kawamoto
  • Chris Chatwin
  • Vojtech Huser
Transactional Processing Systems
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Transactional Processing Systems


The use of a service-oriented architecture (SOA) has been identified as a promising approach for improving health care by facilitating reliable clinical decision support (CDS). A review of the literature through October 2013 identified 44 articles on this topic. The review suggests that SOA related technologies such as Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) and Service Component Architecture (SCA) have not been generally adopted to impact health IT systems’ performance for better care solutions. Additionally, technologies such as Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) and architectural approaches like Service Choreography have not been generally exploited among researchers and developers. Based on the experience of other industries and our observation of the evolution of SOA, we found that the greater use of these approaches have the potential to significantly impact SOA implementations for CDS


Literature review Service oriented architecture Clinical decision support Business process management Service orientation 



VH is supported by the Intramural Research Program of the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center and the National Library of Medicine.

KK’s effort for this review was supported by the University Of Utah Department Of Biomedical Informatics. KK has in the recent past or is currently serving as a consultant on CDS to the following organizations: the U.S. Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT, Partners HealthCare, RAND Corporation, ESAC, Inc., McKesson InterQual, ARUP Laboratories, Inflexxion, Inc., and Intelligent Automation, Inc. KK receives royalties for a Duke University-owned CDS technology for infectious disease management known as CustomID that he helped develop. KK was formerly a consultant for Religent, Inc. and a co-owner and consultant for Clinica Software, Inc., both of which provide commercial CDS services. KK no longer has a financial relationship with either Religent or Clinica Software.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Salvador Rodriguez Loya
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kensaku Kawamoto
    • 2
  • Chris Chatwin
    • 1
  • Vojtech Huser
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Engineering and InformaticsUniversity of SussexBrightonUK
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical InformaticsUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  3. 3.National Institutes of HealthClinical CenterBethesdaUSA

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