An Optimization Model for Locating and Sizing Emergency Medical Service Stations
Emergency medical services (EMS) play a crucial role in the overall quality and performance of health services. The performance of these systems heavily depends on operational success of emergency services in which emergency vehicles, medical personnel and supporting equipment and facilities are the main resources. Optimally locating and sizing of such services is an important task to enhance the responsiveness and the utilization of limited resources. In this study, an integer optimization model is presented to decide locations and types of service stations, regions covered by these stations under service constraints in order to minimize the total cost of the overall system. The model can produce optimal solutions within a reasonable time for large cities having up to 130 districts or regions. This model is tested for the EMS system of Adana metropolitan area in Turkey. Case study and computational findings of the model are discussed in detail in the paper.
KeywordsEmergency medical services Location problems Resource allocation Optimization
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