Journal of Medical Systems

, 33:73

Automatic Tracing of Optic Disc and Exudates from Color Fundus Images Using Fixed and Variable Thresholds

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10916-008-9166-4

Cite this article as:
Reza, A.W., Eswaran, C. & Hati, S. J Med Syst (2009) 33: 73. doi:10.1007/s10916-008-9166-4


The detection of bright objects such as optic disc (OD) and exudates in color fundus images is an important step in the diagnosis of eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma. In this paper, a novel approach to automatically segment the OD and exudates is proposed. The proposed algorithm makes use of the green component of the image and preprocessing steps such as average filtering, contrast adjustment, and thresholding. The other processing techniques used are morphological opening, extended maxima operator, minima imposition, and watershed transformation. The proposed algorithm is evaluated using the test images of STARE and DRIVE databases with fixed and variable thresholds. The images drawn by human expert are taken as the reference images. The proposed method yields sensitivity values as high as 96.7%, which are better than the results reported in the literature.


Diabetic retinopathy Exudates Optic disc Biomedical applications Bioimaging 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Multimedia and Distributed Computing, Faculty of Information TechnologyMultimedia UniversityCyberjayaMalaysia

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