A Methodology for Using Simulation to Optimize Emergency Mass Vaccination Parameters
For any preparedness plan to be effective it must be put to test or verified. Simulation methodology shows high potential for studying disaster and mass vaccination preparedness. Unlike physical drills, simulation models are less expensive, take less time to be conducted, and are well suited for testing alternative solutions. The decision makers can modify and analyze the model in order to test and evaluate numerous scenarios and operating parameters. In this paper, we offer a systematic approach that can be used with simulation analysis by practitioners to develop operating decisions for emergency preparedness in general and mass vaccination clinics in particular. An actual mass vaccination center in a county health department of a southern state is used to illustrate the proposed methodology.
KeywordsMass vaccination Simulation methodology Stochastic system design
- 1.Aaby, K., Herrmann J. W., Jordan C., Treadwell M., and Wood K., Improving Mass vaccination clinic operations. Proceedings of the International Conference on Health Sciences Simulation, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 23–27, 2005.Google Scholar
- 2.Anonymous, Thwarting bioterrorism with simulation. Ind. Eng. 36(11):18–19, Nov 2004.Google Scholar
- 3.Anonymous, Smallpox Mass Vaccination—An Operational Planning Framework, Available at http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2005/09/20160232/02428, September 20, 2005.
- 4.Balicer, R. D., Huerta, M., Levy, Y., Davidovitch, N., Grotto, I., Influenza outbreak control in confined settings. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 11(4):225–230, April 2005, Available from http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol11no04/04-0845.htm. Google Scholar
- 5.Carley, K., Fridsma, D., Casman, E., Altman, N., Chang, J., Kaminsky, B., Nave, D., and Yahja1 A., BioWar: Scalable Multi-Agent Social and Epidemiological Simulation of Bioterrorism Events, 2004.Google Scholar
- 7.Harrell, C. R., Bateman, R. E., Gogg, T. J., & Mott, J. R. A. (1995). System Improvement Using Simulation, (3rd Ed.). Orem, UT: PROMODEL Corporation.Google Scholar
- 11.Krause R., The swine flu episode and the fog of epidemics. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 12(1):40–43, January 2006.Google Scholar
- 13.Ulgen O. M., Black J. J., Johnsonbaugh B., Klungle R., SIMULATION METHODOLOGY—A PRACTITIONER’S PERSPECTIVE”, http://www.pmcorp.com/sim_meth_paper.shtm.
- 14.Simulation Software Survey:Vendor List, OR/MS Today, December 2005, http://www.lionhrtpub.com/orms/surveys/Simulation/Simulation.html.