Journal of Medical Systems

, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 293–301 | Cite as

Adding Value with 3D Visualization and Haptic Forces to Radiosurgery—A Small Theory-Based, Quasi-Experimental Study

  • David Dinka
  • James M. Nyce
  • Toomas Timpka
  • Kristina Holmberg
Original Paper


This study investigates the use of 3D representation and haptic technology in radiosurgery. The users, experienced users of the Leksell GammaKnife, prefer the 3D representation for constructing a first draft of their plan for neurosurgical intervention. When it comes to the final adjustments, however, they still choose the traditional 2D representation and interaction devices. The perceived control over the radiosurgical process is not considered adequate using the 3D interaction methods. Practitioners do not consider the haptic forces implemented in this test system useful. Possible explanations for these findings are discussed in the paper.


Medical informatics Haptics Three-dimensional representation Image processing Neurosurgery 



The study is funded by the Santa Anna Research Institute AB and Elekta Instrument AB


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Dinka
    • 1
  • James M. Nyce
    • 1
    • 2
  • Toomas Timpka
    • 1
  • Kristina Holmberg
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Computer and Information ScienceLinköping UniversityLinköpingSweden
  2. 2.SLIMEmporia StateEmporiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Science and TechnologyLinköping UniversityLinköpingSweden

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