Journal of Medical Systems

, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 429–438 | Cite as

Clinical Information System Availability and Use in Urban and Rural Hospitals

  • Marcia M. Ward
  • Mirou Jaana
  • James A. Bahensky
  • Smruti Vartak
  • Douglas S. Wakefield
Original Paper

Abstract

Clinical information systems (CIS) capture clinical data to support more efficient and effective decision making and clinical care delivery. Only a few estimates of CIS availability and use in hospitals are available nationally. The purpose of the current research is to examine differences in CIS availability and use between urban and rural hospitals. A survey addressing this purpose was completed by 74 (63.7%) of Iowa hospitals. Rural hospitals lag behind urban hospitals in terms of many CIS applications. More than 80% of the urban hospitals, but only between 30 and 40% of the rural hospitals, reported using computers to collect basic clinical information for potential use in an electronic medical record (EMR) and computerized provider order entry (CPOE) system. Comparison of CIS within one state’s urban and rural hospitals sheds light on variation in clinical support applications, decision support, and electronic medical record “readiness” in these settings.

Keywords

Hospital information systems Decision support systems Clinical hospitals Rural medical records systems Computerized medical informatics 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcia M. Ward
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mirou Jaana
    • 3
  • James A. Bahensky
    • 1
  • Smruti Vartak
    • 1
  • Douglas S. Wakefield
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Health Management and PolicyUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA
  2. 2.Center for Research in the Implementation of Innovative Strategies in PracticeIowa City VA Medical CenterIowa CityUSA
  3. 3.Department of Health Management and PolicyAmerican University of BeirutBeirutLebanon
  4. 4.Department of Health Management and Informatics, Center for Health Care QualityUniversity of MissouriColumbiaMOUSA

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