Finite Element Method for Two-Sided Fractional Differential Equations with Variable Coefficients: Galerkin Approach
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This paper develops a Galerkin approach for two-sided fractional differential equations with variable coefficients. By the product rule, we transform the problem into an equivalent formulation which additionally introduces the fractional low-order term. We prove the existence and uniqueness of the solutions of the Dirichlet problems of the equations with certain diffusion coefficients. We adopt the Galerkin formulation, and prove its error estimates. Finally, several numerical examples are provided to illustrate the fidelity and accuracy of the proposed theoretical results.
KeywordsFractional diffusion equation Two-sided fractional derivative Galerkin methods Error estimate
Mathematics Subject Classification26A33 65M06 65M12 65M55 65T50
Hao would like to acknowledge the support by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11671083), China Scholarship Council (No. 201506090065). Lin gratefully acknowledges the support from National Science Foundation (DMS-1555072, DMS-1736364, and DMS-1821233). Cai would like to acknowledge the support by the NSF Grant DMS-1522707.
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