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Journal of Mammalian Evolution

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 415–425 | Cite as

Re-Appraisal of ‘Felis’ pamiri Ozansoy, 1959 (Carnivora, Felidae) from the Upper Miocene of Turkey: the Earliest Pantherin Cat?

  • Denis Geraads
  • Stéphane Peigné
Original Paper

Abstract

Although the divergence of the Panthera clade from other Felidae might be as old as the earliest middle Miocene, its fossil record before the Pliocene is virtually non-existent. Here we reassess the affinities of a felid from the early upper Miocene of Turkey, known by well-preserved associated upper and lower dentitions. We conclude that it belongs to the same genus (Miopanthera Kretzoi, 1938) as the middle Miocene ‘Styriofelis’ lorteti (Gaillard, 1899), and that this genus is close to, if not part of, the Panthera clade.

Keywords

Carnivora Felidae Pantherini Phylogeny Upper Miocene Turkey 

Abbreviations

BSP

Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und historische Geologie, Munich

CCEC

Centre de Conservation et d’Etude des Collections, Lyon

MCGL

Musée Cantonal de Géologie, Lausanne

MHNT

Muséum d’Histoire naturelle de Toulouse

MNCN

Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid

MNHN

Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris

NMB

Naturhistorische Museum Basel

SMNS

Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde, Stuttgart

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to C. Argot, J. Lesur, G. Veron (MNHN), and D. Berthet (CCEC) for access to collections, to L. Cazes and P. Loubry for the photos, and to M. Gasparik for his help with Hungarian literature. The manuscript benefited from judicious comments by the reviewers M.J. Salesa and N. Spassov. The latter is also acknowledged for first calling the attention of DG to Miopanthera pamiri.

Supplementary material

10914_2016_9349_MOESM1_ESM.docx (16 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 16 kb)
10914_2016_9349_MOESM2_ESM.docx (20 kb)
ESM 2 (DOCX 19 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre de Recherche sur la Paléobiodiversité et les Paléoenvironnements (UMR 7207)Sorbonne UniversitésParis Cedex 05France

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