Journal of Mammalian Evolution

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 345–358 | Cite as

Phylogenetic Systematics of Peccaries (Tayassuidae: Artiodactyla) and a Classification of South American Tayassuids

  • Rodrigo Parisi DutraEmail author
  • Daniel de Melo Casali
  • Rafaela Velloso Missagia
  • Germán Mariano Gasparini
  • Fernando Araujo Perini
  • Mario Alberto Cozzuol
Original Paper


Tayassuidae is a family of pig-like Artiodactyla restricted to the New World. Despite its rich fossil history, they have received less attention from a taxonomic and phylogenetic perspective when compared to the Old World pigs, Suidae. In this study, we performed a computer assisted phylogenetic analysis using morphological and molecular data including fossil and extant Tayassuidae, using parsimony and Bayesian approaches. We recovered the monophyly of the family Tayassuidae, confirming previous proposals, as well as the monophyly of the subfamilies Hesperhyinae and Tayassuinae, and the genus Platygonus, which we placed in a new taxon of tribe level. The three living peccaries and a number of fossil species belong to a new, tribe level, monophyletic group. The genus Catagonus comes out as paraphyletic, leading us to propose to restrict the generic name to the type species, C. metropolitanus, and a new taxonomic arrangement for the remaining species previously included in it, revalidating the genera Brasiliochoerus and Parachoerus, and describing a new genus, Protherohyus, gen. nov.


Tayassuidae Phylogeny Catagonus Protherohyus gen. nov. Brasiliochoerus Parachoerus 



The authors thank to the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), CAPES and FAPEMIG for financial support; and the authorities of palaeontological collections for providing material for analysis. We also want to thank Barbara Rossi (UFMG) for the drawings of skulls and living taxa on the phylogeny.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.PPG - Zoologia/Departamento de Zoologia - Instituto de Ciências BiológicasUniversidade Federal de Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Zoologia - Instituto de Ciências BiológicasUniversidade Federal de Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil
  3. 3.CONICET, División Paleontología Vertebrados, Unidades de Investigación Anexo Museo de La Plata, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y MuseoUniversidad Nacional de La PlataLa PlataArgentina

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