Gray and Dark Soliton Behavior and Population Under a Symmetric and Asymmetric Potential Trap
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We numerically study the impact of Gaussian barrier height and width on gray solitons population in a symmetric and asymmetric potential trap. The gray solitons are created in a double-well potential by density engineering method. Two identical Bose–Einstein condensate fragments are confined and made to collide by switching off the Gaussian barrier in a double-well potential. We find that the gray solitons population can be manipulated by Gaussian barrier height and width. We also study the gray solitons population dependence on the coupling strength. Moreover, we also study the impact of an asymmetry present in the double-well potential. We observe that such an asymmetry always swings the point of collision of the gray solitons. Later, a stationary dark soliton is created by phase imprinting method, and we observe that the initial asymmetry in the double-well potential trap sets the dark soliton into oscillation.
KeywordsBose–Einstein condensates Gray and dark solitons Symmetry and asymmetry potentials
Jameel Hussain gratefully acknowledges support from the COMSATS University Islamabad for providing him a workspace.
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