Advertisement

Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 193, Issue 5–6, pp 758–770 | Cite as

The POLARBEAR-2 and Simons Array Focal Plane Fabrication Status

  • B. WestbrookEmail author
  • P. A. R. Ade
  • M. Aguilar
  • Y. Akiba
  • K. Arnold
  • C. Baccigalupi
  • D. Barron
  • D. Beck
  • S. Beckman
  • A. N. Bender
  • F. Bianchini
  • D. Boettger
  • J. Borrill
  • S. Chapman
  • Y. Chinone
  • G. Coppi
  • K. Crowley
  • A. Cukierman
  • T. de Haan
  • R. Dünner
  • M. Dobbs
  • T. Elleflot
  • J. Errard
  • G. Fabbian
  • S. M. Feeney
  • C. Feng
  • G. Fuller
  • N. Galitzki
  • A. Gilbert
  • N. Goeckner-Wald
  • J. Groh
  • N. W. Halverson
  • T. Hamada
  • M. Hasegawa
  • M. Hazumi
  • C. A. Hill
  • W. Holzapfel
  • L. Howe
  • Y. Inoue
  • G. Jaehnig
  • A. Jaffe
  • O. Jeong
  • D. Kaneko
  • N. Katayama
  • B. Keating
  • R. Keskitalo
  • T. Kisner
  • N. Krachmalnicoff
  • A. Kusaka
  • M. Le Jeune
  • A. T. Lee
  • D. Leon
  • E. Linder
  • L. Lowry
  • A. Madurowicz
  • D. Mak
  • F. Matsuda
  • A. May
  • N. J. Miller
  • Y. Minami
  • J. Montgomery
  • M. Navaroli
  • H. Nishino
  • J. Peloton
  • A. Pham
  • L. Piccirillo
  • D. Plambeck
  • D. Poletti
  • G. Puglisi
  • C. Raum
  • G. Rebeiz
  • C. L. Reichardt
  • P. L. Richards
  • H. Roberts
  • C. Ross
  • K. M. Rotermund
  • Y. Segawa
  • B. Sherwin
  • M. Silva-Feaver
  • P. Siritanasak
  • R. Stompor
  • A. Suzuki
  • O. Tajima
  • S. Takakura
  • S. Takatori
  • D. Tanabe
  • R. Tat
  • G. P. Teply
  • A. Tikhomirov
  • T. Tomaru
  • C. Tsai
  • N. Whitehorn
  • A. Zahn
Article
  • 112 Downloads

Abstract

We present on the status of POLARBEAR-2 A (PB2-A) focal plane fabrication. The PB2-A is the first of three telescopes in the Simons Array, which is an array of three cosmic microwave background polarization-sensitive telescopes located at the POLARBEAR site in Northern Chile. As the successor to the PB experiment, each telescope and receiver combination is named as PB2-A, PB2-B, and PB2-C. PB2-A and -B will have nearly identical receivers operating at 90 and 150 GHz while PB2-C will house a receiver operating at 220 and 270 GHz. Each receiver contains a focal plane consisting of seven close-hex packed lenslet-coupled sinuous antenna transition edge sensor bolometer arrays. Each array contains 271 dichroic optical pixels, each of which has four TES bolometers for a total of 7588 detectors per receiver. We have produced a set of two types of candidate arrays for PB2-A. The first we call Version 11 (V11) uses a silicon oxide (SiO\(_x\)) for the transmission lines and crossover process for orthogonal polarizations. The second we call Version 13 (V13) uses silicon nitride (SiN\(_x\)) for the transmission lines and cross-under process for orthogonal polarizations. We have produced enough of each type of array to fully populate the focal plane of the PB2-A receiver. The average wirebond yield for V11 and V13 arrays is 93.2% and 95.6%, respectively. The V11 arrays had a superconducting transition temperature (\(T_\mathrm{c}\)) of \(452 \pm \,15\) mK, a normal resistance (\(R_\mathrm{n}\)) of \(1.25 \pm 0.20~\Omega \), and saturation powers of \(5.2 \pm 1.0\) pW and \(13 \pm 1.2\) pW for the 90 and 150 GHz bands, respectively. The V13 arrays had a superconducting transition temperature (\(T_\mathrm{c}\)) of \(456 \pm 6\) mK, a normal resistance (\(R_\mathrm{n}\)) of \(1.1 \pm 0.2~\Omega \), and saturation powers of \(10.8 \pm 1.8\) pW and \(22.9 \pm 2.6\) pW for the 90 and 150 GHz bands, respectively. Production and characterization of arrays for PB2-B are ongoing and are expected to be completed by the summer of 2018. We have fabricated the first three candidate arrays for PB2-C but do not have any characterization results to present at this time.

Keywords

CMB Fabrication Instrumentation Detectors Transition edge sensor Sinuous antenna Polarization Inflation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge support from the MEXT Kakenhi Grant 21111002, NSF Grant AST-0618398, NASA Grant NNG06GJ08G, the Simons Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, and the CONICYT provided invaluable funding and support. Detectors were fabricated at the Berkeley Marvell Nanofabrication Laboratory.

References

  1. 1.
    S.W. Henderson, R. Allison, J. Austermann, T. Baildon, N. Battaglia, J.A. Beall, D. Becker, F. De Bernardis, J.R. Bond, E. Calabrese, S.K. Choi, K.P. Coughlin, K.T. Crowley, R. Datta, M.J. Devlin, S.M. Duff, J. Dunkley, R. Dünner, A. van Engelen, P.A. Gallardo, E. Grace, M. Hasselfield, F. Hills, G.C. Hilton, A.D. Hincks, R. Hlozek, S.P. Ho, J. Hubmayr, K. Huffenberger, J.P. Hughes, K.D. Irwin, B.J. Koopman, A.B. Kosowsky, D. Li, J. McMahon, C. Munson, F. Nati, L. Newburgh, M.D. Niemack, P. Niraula, L.A. Page, C.G. Pappas, M. Salatino, A. Schillaci, B.L. Schmitt, N. Sehgal, B.D. Sherwin, J.L. Sievers, S.M. Simon, D.N. Spergel, S.T. Staggs, J.R. Stevens, R. Thornton, J. Van Lanen, E.M. Vavagiakis, J.T. Ward, E.J. Wollack, Advanced actpol cryogenic detector arrays and readout. J. Low Temp. Phys. 184(3), 772–779 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    W.L.K. Wu, P.A.R. Ade, Z. Ahmed, K.D. Alexander, M. Amiri, D. Barkats, S.J. Benton, C.A. Bischoff, J.J. Bock, R. Bowens-Rubin, I. Buder, E. Bullock, V. Buza, J.A. Connors, J.P. Filippini, S. Fliescher, J.A. Grayson, M. Halpern, S.A. Harrison, G.C. Hilton, V.V. Hristov, H. Hui, K.D. Irwin, J. Kang, K.S. Karkare, E. Karpel, S. Kefeli, S.A. Kernasovskiy, J.M. Kovac, C.L. Kuo, K.G. Megerian, C.B. Netterfield, H.T. Nguyen, R. O’Brient, R.W. Ogburn, C. Pryke, C.D. Reintsema, S. Richter, C. Sorensen, Z.K. Staniszewski, B. Steinbach, R.V. Sudiwala, G.P. Teply, K.L. Thompson, J.E. Tolan, C.E. Tucker, A.D. Turner, A.G. Vieregg, A.C. Weber, D.V. Wiebe, J. Willmert, K.W. Yoon, Initial performance of bicep3: a degree angular scale 95 ghz band polarimeter. J. Low Temp. Phys. 184(3), 765–771 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Suzuki, P. Ade, Y. Akiba, C. Aleman, K. Arnold, C. Baccigalupi, B. Barch, D. Barron, A. Bender, D. Boettger, J. Borrill, S. Chapman, Y. Chinone, A. Cukierman, M. Dobbs, A. Ducout, R. Dunner, T. Elleflot, J. Errard, G. Fabbian, S. Feeney, C. Feng, T. Fujino, G. Fuller, A. Gilbert, N. Goeckner-Wald, J. Groh, T. De Haan, G. Hall, N. Halverson, T. Hamada, M. Hasegawa, K. Hattori, M. Hazumi, C. Hill, W. Holzapfel, Y. Hori, L. Howe, Y. Inoue, F. Irie, G. Jaehnig, A. Jaffe, O. Jeong, N. Katayama, J. Kaufman, K. Kazemzadeh, B. Keating, Z. Kermish, R. Keskitalo, T. Kisner, A. Kusaka, M. Le Jeune, A. Lee, D. Leon, E. Linder, L. Lowry, F. Matsuda, T. Matsumura, N. Miller, K. Mizukami, J. Montgomery, M. Navaroli, H. Nishino, J. Peloton, D. Poletti, G. Puglisi, G. Rebeiz, C. Raum, C. Reichardt, P. Richards, C. Ross, K. Rotermund, Y. Segawa, B. Sherwin, I. Shirley, P. Siritanasak, N. Stebor, R. Stompor, J. Suzuki, O. Tajima, S. Takada, S. Takakura, S. Takatori, A. Tikhomirov, T. Tomaru, B. Westbrook, N. Whitehorn, T. Yamashita, A. Zahn, O. Zahn, The polarbear-2 and the simons array experiments. J. Low Temp. Phys. 184(3), 805–810 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    B.A. Benson, P.A.R. Ade, Z. Ahmed, S.W. Allen, K. Arnold, J.E. Austermann, A.N. Bender, L.E. Bleem, J.E. Carlstrom, C.L. Chang, H.M. Cho, J.F. Cliche, T.M. Crawford, A. Cukierman, T. de Haan, M.A. Dobbs, D. Dutcher, W. Everett, A. Gilbert, N.W. Halverson, D. Hanson, N.L. Harrington, K. Hattori, J.W. Henning, G.C. Hilton, G.P. Holder, W.L. Holzapfel, K.D. Irwin, R. Keisler, L. Knox, D. Kubik, C.L. Kuo, A.T. Lee, E.M. Leitch, D. Li, M. McDonald, S.S. Meyer, J. Montgomery, M. Myers, T. Natoli, H. Nguyen, V. Novosad, S. Padin, Z. Pan, J. Pearson, C. Reichardt, J.E. Ruhl, B.R. Saliwanchik, G. Simard, G. Smecher, J.T. Sayre, E. Shirokoff, A.A. Stark, K. Story, A. Suzuki, K.L. Thompson, C. Tucker, K. Vanderlinde, J.D. Vieira, A. Vikhlinin, G. Wang, V. Yefremenko, K.W. Yoon, SPT-3G: a next-generation cosmic microwave background polarization experiment on the South Pole telescope, vol 9153 (2014) p. 91531PGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Gualtieri, J.P. Filippini, P.A.R. Ade, M. Amiri, S.J. Benton, A.S. Bergman, R. Bihary, J.J. Bock, J.R. Bond, S.A. Bryan, H.C. Chiang, C.R. Contaldi, O. Doré, A.J. Duivenvoorden, H.K. Eriksen, M. Farhang, L.M. Fissel, A.A. Fraisse, K. Freese, M. Galloway, A.E. Gambrel, N.N. Gandilo, K. Ganga, R.V. Gramillano, J.E. Gudmundsson, M. Halpern, J. Hartley, M. Hasselfield, G. Hilton, W. Holmes, V.V. Hristov, Z. Huang, K.D. Irwin, W.C. Jones, C.L. Kuo, Z.D. Kermish, S. Li, P.V. Mason, K. Megerian, L. Moncelsi, T.A. Morford, J.M. Nagy, C.B. Netterfield, M. Nolta, B. Osherson, I.L. Padilla, B. Racine, A.S. Rahlin, C. Reintsema, J.E. Ruhl, M.C. Runyan, T.M. Ruud, J.A. Shariff, J.D. Soler, X. Song, A. Trangsrud, C. Tucker, R.S. Tucker, A.D. Turner, J.F. van der List, A.C. Weber, I.K. Wehus, D.V. Wiebe, E.Y. Young, SPIDER: CMB polarimetry from the edge of space. ArXiv e-prints (2017)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Suzuki, P.A.R. Ade, Y. Akiba, D. Alonso, K. Arnold, J. Aumont, C. Baccigalupi, D. Barron, S. Basak, S. Beckman, J. Borrill, F. Boulanger, M. Bucher, E. Calabrese, Y. Chinone, S. Cho, B. Crill, A. Cukierman, D.W. Curtis, T. de Haan, M. Dobbs, A. Dominjon, T. Dotani, L. Duband, A. Ducout, J. Dunkley, J.M. Duval, T. Elleflot, H.K. Eriksen, J. Errard, J. Fischer, T. Fujino, T. Funaki, U. Fuskeland, K. Ganga, N. Goeckner-Wald, J. Grain, N.W. Halverson, T. Hamada, T. Hasebe, M. Hasegawa, K. Hattori, M. Hattori, L. Hayes, M. Hazumi, N. Hidehira, C.A. Hill, G. Hilton, J. Hubmayr, K. Ichiki, T. Iida, H. Imada, M. Inoue, Y. Inoue, K.D. Irwin, H. Ishino, O. Jeong, H. Kanai, D. Kaneko, S. Kashima, N. Katayama, T. Kawasaki, S.A. Kernasovskiy, R. Keskitalo, A. Kibayashi, Y. Kida, K. Kimura, T. Kisner, K. Kohri, E. Komatsu, K. Komatsu, C.L. Kuo, N.A. Kurinsky, A. Kusaka, A. Lazarian, A.T. Lee, D. Li, E. Linder, B. Maffei, A. Mangilli, M. Maki, T. Matsumura, S. Matsuura, D. Meilhan, S. Mima, Y. Minami, K. Mitsuda, L. Montier, M. Nagai, T. Nagasaki, R. Nagata, M. Nakajima, S. Nakamura, T. Namikawa, M. Naruse, H. Nishino, T. Nitta, T. Noguchi, H. Ogawa, S. Oguri, N. Okada, A. Okamoto, T. Okamura, C. Otani, G. Patanchon, G. Pisano, G. Rebeiz, M. Remazeilles, P.L. Richards, S. Sakai, Y. Sakurai, Y. Sato, N. Sato, M. Sawada, Y. Segawa, Y. Sekimoto, U. Seljak, B.D. Sherwin, T. Shimizu, K. Shinozaki, R. Stompor, H. Sugai, H. Sugita, J. Suzuki, O. Tajima, S. Takada, R. Takaku, S. Takakura, S. Takatori, D. Tanabe, E. Taylor, K.L. Thompson, B. Thorne, T. Tomaru, T. Tomida, N. Tomita, M. Tristram, C. Tucker, P. Turin, M. Tsujimoto, S. Uozumi, S. Utsunomiya, Y. Uzawa, F. Vansyngel, I.K. Wehus, B. Westbrook, M. Willer, N. Whitehorn, Y. Yamada, R. Yamamoto, N. Yamasaki, T. Yamashita, M. Yoshida, The LiteBIRD satellite mission: sub-Kelvin instrument. J. Low Temp. Phys., this Special Issue LTD17 (2018)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M.H. Abitbol, Z. Ahmed, D. Barron, R. Basu Thakur, A.N. Bender, B.A. Benson, C.A. Bischoff, S.A. Bryan, J.E. Carlstrom, C.L. Chang, D.T. Chuss, K.T. Crowley, A. Cukierman, T. de Haan, M. Dobbs, T. Essinger-Hileman, J.P. Filippini, K. Ganga, J.E. Gudmundsson, N.W. Halverson, S. Hanany, S.W. Henderson, C.A. Hill, S.-P.P. Ho, J. Hubmayr, K. Irwin, O. Jeong, B.R. Johnson, S.A. Kernasovskiy, J.M. Kovac, A. Kusaka, A.T. Lee, S. Maria, P. Mauskopf, J.J. McMahon, L. Moncelsi, A.W. Nadolski, J.M. Nagy, M.D. Niemack, R.C. O’Brient, S. Padin, S.C. Parshley, C. Pryke, N.A. Roe, K. Rostem, J. Ruhl, S.M. Simon, S.T. Staggs, A. Suzuki, E.R. Switzer, O. Tajima, K.L. Thompson, P. Timbie, G.S. Tucker, J.D. Vieira, A.G. Vieregg, B. Westbrook, E.J. Wollack, K.W. Yoon, K.S. Young, E.Y. Young, CMB-S4 Technology Book, 1st edn. ArXiv e-prints (2017)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    C.A. Hill, S.M.M. Bruno, S.M. Simon, A. Ali, K.S. Arnold, P.C. Ashton, D. Barron, S. Bryan, Y. Chinone, G. Coppi, K.T. Crowley, A. Cukierman, S. Dicker, J. Dunkley, G. Fabbian, N. Galitzki, P.A. Gallardo, J.E. Gudmundsson, J. Hubmayr, B. Keating, A. Kusaka, A.T. Lee, F. Matsuda, P.D. Mauskopf, J. McMahon, M.D. Niemack, G. Puglisi, M. Sathyanarayana Rao, M. Salatino, C. Sierra, S. Staggs, A. Suzuki, G. Teply, J.N. Ullom, B. Westbrook, Z. Xu, N. Zhu, BoloCalc: a sensitivity calculator for the design of Simons Observatory. ArXiv e-prints (2018)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y. Inoue, P. Ade, Y. Akiba, C. Aleman, K. Arnold, C. Baccigalupi, B. Barch, D. Barron, A. Bender, D. Boettger, J. Borrill, S. Chapman, Y. Chinone, A. Cukierman, T. de Haan, M.A. Dobbs, A. Ducout, R. Dünner, T. Elleflot, J. Errard, G. Fabbian, S. Feeney, C. Feng, G. Fuller, A.J. Gilbert, N. Goeckner-Wald, J. Groh, G. Hall, N. Halverson, T. Hamada, M. Hasegawa, K. Hattori, M. Hazumi, C. Hill, W. L. Holzapfel, Y. Hori, L. Howe, F. Irie, G. Jaehnig, A. Jaffe, O. Jeong, N. Katayama, J.P. Kaufman, K. Kazemzadeh, B.G. Keating, Z. Kermish, R. Keskitalo, T.S. Kisner, A. Kusaka, M. Le Jeune, A.T. Lee, D. Leon, E.V. Linder, L. Lowry, F. Matsuda, T. Matsumura, N. Miller, K. Mizukami, J. Montgomery, M. Navaroli, H. Nishino, H. Paar, J. Peloton, D. Poletti, G. Puglisi, C.R. Raum, G.M. Rebeiz, C.L. Reichardt, P.L. Richards, C. Ross, K.M. Rotermund, Y. Segawa, B.D. Sherwin, I. Shirley, P. Siritanasak, N. Stebor, R. Stompor, J. Suzuki, A. Suzuki, O. Tajima, S. Takada, S. Takatori, G.P. Teply, A. Tikhomirov, T. Tomaru, N. Whitehorn, A. Zahn, O. Zahn. POLARBEAR-2: an instrument for CMB polarization measurements, vol. 9914 (2016) p. 99141IGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    B. Westbrook, A. Cukierman, A. Lee, A. Suzuki, C. Raum, W. Holzapfel, Development of the next generation of multi-chroic antenna-coupled transition edge sensor detectors for CMB polarimetry. J. Low Temp. Phys. 184, 74–81 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M.A. Dobbs, M. Lueker, K.A. Aird, A.N. Bender, B.A. Benson, L.E. Bleem, J.E. Carlstrom, C.L. Chang, H.-M. Cho, J. Clarke, T.M. Crawford, A.T. Crites, D.I. Flanigan, T. de Haan, E.M. George, N.W. Halverson, W.L. Holzapfel, J.D. Hrubes, B.R. Johnson, J. Joseph, R. Keisler, J. Kennedy, Z. Kermish, T.M. Lanting, A.T. Lee, E.M. Leitch, D. Luong-Van, J.J. McMahon, J. Mehl, S.S. Meyer, T.E. Montroy, S. Padin, T. Plagge, C. Pryke, P.L. Richards, J.E. Ruhl, K.K. Schaffer, D. Schwan, E. Shirokoff, H.G. Spieler, Z. Staniszewski, A.A. Stark, K. Vanderlinde, J.D. Vieira, C. Vu, B. Westbrook, R. Williamson, Frequency multiplexed superconducting quantum interference device readout of large bolometer arrays for cosmic microwave background measurements. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(7), 073113–073113–24 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Suzuki, P. Ade, Y. Akiba, C. Aleman, K. Arnold, C. Baccigalupi, B. Barch, D. Barron, A. Bender, D. Boettger, J. Borrill, S. Chapman, Y. Chinone, A. Cukierman, M. Dobbs, A. Ducout, R. Dunner, T. Elleflot, J. Errard, G. Fabbian, S. Feeney, C. Feng, T. Fujino, G. Fuller, A. Gilbert, N. Goeckner-Wald, J. Groh, T. De Haan, G. Hall, N. Halverson, T. Hamada, M. Hasegawa, K. Hattori, M. Hazumi, C. Hill, W. Holzapfel, Y. Hori, L. Howe, Y. Inoue, F. Irie, G. Jaehnig, A. Jaffe, O. Jeong, N. Katayama, J. Kaufman, K. Kazemzadeh, B. Keating, Z. Kermish, R. Keskitalo, T. Kisner, A. Kusaka, M. Le Jeune, A. Lee, D. Leon, E. Linder, L. Lowry, F. Matsuda, T. Matsumura, N. Miller, K. Mizukami, J. Montgomery, M. Navaroli, H. Nishino, J. Peloton, D. Poletti, G. Puglisi, G. Rebeiz, C. Raum, C. Reichardt, P. Richards, C. Ross, K. Rotermund, Y. Segawa, B. Sherwin, I. Shirley, P. Siritanasak, N. Stebor, R. Stompor, J. Suzuki, O. Tajima, S. Takada, S. Takakura, S. Takatori, A. Tikhomirov, T. Tomaru, B. Westbrook, N. Whitehorn, T. Yamashita, A. Zahn, O. Zahn, Detector and readout assembly and characterization for the polarbear-2 experiment. J. Low Temp. Phys. 184, 805–810 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Westbrook
    • 9
    Email author
  • P. A. R. Ade
    • 2
  • M. Aguilar
    • 3
  • Y. Akiba
    • 4
    • 5
  • K. Arnold
    • 1
  • C. Baccigalupi
    • 6
  • D. Barron
    • 7
  • D. Beck
    • 8
  • S. Beckman
    • 9
  • A. N. Bender
    • 10
    • 11
  • F. Bianchini
    • 12
  • D. Boettger
    • 13
  • J. Borrill
    • 7
    • 14
  • S. Chapman
    • 15
  • Y. Chinone
    • 9
    • 16
  • G. Coppi
    • 17
  • K. Crowley
    • 1
  • A. Cukierman
    • 9
  • T. de Haan
    • 18
  • R. Dünner
    • 13
  • M. Dobbs
    • 19
  • T. Elleflot
    • 1
  • J. Errard
    • 8
  • G. Fabbian
    • 20
  • S. M. Feeney
    • 21
  • C. Feng
    • 22
  • G. Fuller
    • 1
  • N. Galitzki
    • 1
  • A. Gilbert
    • 19
  • N. Goeckner-Wald
    • 9
  • J. Groh
    • 9
  • N. W. Halverson
    • 23
    • 24
    • 25
  • T. Hamada
    • 5
    • 26
  • M. Hasegawa
    • 4
    • 5
  • M. Hazumi
    • 4
    • 5
    • 16
    • 27
  • C. A. Hill
    • 9
    • 18
  • W. Holzapfel
    • 9
  • L. Howe
    • 1
  • Y. Inoue
    • 5
    • 28
  • G. Jaehnig
    • 23
    • 25
  • A. Jaffe
    • 29
  • O. Jeong
    • 9
  • D. Kaneko
    • 16
  • N. Katayama
    • 16
  • B. Keating
    • 1
  • R. Keskitalo
    • 7
    • 14
  • T. Kisner
    • 7
    • 14
  • N. Krachmalnicoff
    • 6
  • A. Kusaka
    • 18
    • 30
  • M. Le Jeune
    • 8
  • A. T. Lee
    • 9
    • 18
    • 31
  • D. Leon
    • 1
  • E. Linder
    • 7
    • 18
  • L. Lowry
    • 1
  • A. Madurowicz
    • 9
    • 18
  • D. Mak
    • 29
  • F. Matsuda
    • 1
  • A. May
    • 17
  • N. J. Miller
    • 32
  • Y. Minami
    • 5
  • J. Montgomery
    • 19
  • M. Navaroli
    • 1
  • H. Nishino
    • 5
  • J. Peloton
    • 33
  • A. Pham
    • 12
  • L. Piccirillo
    • 17
  • D. Plambeck
    • 31
  • D. Poletti
    • 6
  • G. Puglisi
    • 6
  • C. Raum
    • 9
  • G. Rebeiz
    • 1
  • C. L. Reichardt
    • 12
  • P. L. Richards
    • 9
  • H. Roberts
    • 23
    • 25
  • C. Ross
    • 34
  • K. M. Rotermund
    • 34
  • Y. Segawa
    • 4
    • 5
  • B. Sherwin
    • 18
    • 35
    • 36
  • M. Silva-Feaver
    • 1
  • P. Siritanasak
    • 1
  • R. Stompor
    • 8
  • A. Suzuki
    • 9
    • 31
  • O. Tajima
    • 4
    • 5
  • S. Takakura
    • 5
    • 37
  • S. Takatori
    • 4
    • 5
  • D. Tanabe
    • 4
    • 5
  • R. Tat
    • 9
    • 18
  • G. P. Teply
    • 1
  • A. Tikhomirov
    • 34
  • T. Tomaru
    • 5
  • C. Tsai
    • 1
  • N. Whitehorn
    • 9
  • A. Zahn
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.School of Physics and AstronomyCardiff UniversityCardiffUK
  3. 3.Departamento de Fisica, FCFMUniversidad de ChileSantiagoChile
  4. 4.The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI)Miura District, HayamaJapan
  5. 5.High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK)TsukubaJapan
  6. 6.International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA)TriesteItaly
  7. 7.Space Sciences LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  8. 8.AstroParticule et Cosmologie (APC), Univ Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/Irfu, Obs de ParisSorbonne Paris CiteParisFrance
  9. 9.Department of PhysicsUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  10. 10.High-Energy Physics DivisionArgonne National LaboratoryArgonneUSA
  11. 11.Kavli Institute for Cosmological PhysicsUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  12. 12.School of PhysicsUniversity of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia
  13. 13.Instituto de Astrofisica and Centro de Astro-Ingenieria, Facultad de FisicaPontificia Universidad Catolica de ChileMaculChile
  14. 14.Computational Cosmology CenterLawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA
  15. 15.Department of Physics and Atmospheric ScienceDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada
  16. 16.Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (Kavli IPMU, WPI), UTIASThe University of TokyoKashiwaJapan
  17. 17.The University of ManchesterManchesterUK
  18. 18.Physics DivisionLawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA
  19. 19.Physics DepartmentMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  20. 20.Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale, CNRS (UMR 8617)Univ. Paris-Sud, Universite Paris-SaclayOrsayFrance
  21. 21.Center for Computational AstrophysicsFlatiron InstituteNew YorkUSA
  22. 22.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of CaliforniaIrvineUSA
  23. 23.Center for Astrophysics and Space AstronomyUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  24. 24.Department of Astrophysical and Planetary SciencesUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  25. 25.Department of PhysicsUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  26. 26.Astronomical Institute, Graduate School of ScienceTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  27. 27.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS)Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)SagamiharaJapan
  28. 28.Institute of PhysicsAcademia SinicaNankangTaiwan
  29. 29.Department of PhysicsImperial College LondonLondonUK
  30. 30.Department of PhysicsThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  31. 31.Radio Astronomy LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  32. 32.Observational Cosmology Laboratory, Code 665NASA Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  33. 33.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of SussexBrightonUK
  34. 34.Department of Physics and Atmospheric ScienceDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada
  35. 35.DAMTPUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  36. 36.Kavli Institute for Cosmology CambridgeCambridgeUK
  37. 37.Osaka UniversityToyonakaJapan

Personalised recommendations