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Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 193, Issue 5–6, pp 1085–1093 | Cite as

Design and Bolometer Characterization of the SPT-3G First-Year Focal Plane

  • W. Everett
  • P. A. R. Ade
  • Z. Ahmed
  • A. J. Anderson
  • J. E. Austermann
  • J. S. Avva
  • R. Basu Thakur
  • A. N. Bender
  • B. A. Benson
  • J. E. Carlstrom
  • F. W. Carter
  • T. Cecil
  • C. L. Chang
  • J. F. Cliche
  • A. Cukierman
  • E. V. Denison
  • T. de Haan
  • J. Ding
  • M. A. Dobbs
  • D. Dutcher
  • A. Foster
  • R. N. Gannon
  • A. Gilbert
  • J. C. Groh
  • N. W. Halverson
  • A. H. Harke-Hosemann
  • N. L. Harrington
  • J. W. Henning
  • G. C. Hilton
  • W. L. Holzapfel
  • N. Huang
  • K. D. Irwin
  • O. B. Jeong
  • M. Jonas
  • T. Khaire
  • A. M. Kofman
  • M. Korman
  • D. Kubik
  • S. Kuhlmann
  • C. L. Kuo
  • A. T. Lee
  • A. E. Lowitz
  • S. S. Meyer
  • D. Michalik
  • J. Montgomery
  • A. Nadolski
  • T. Natoli
  • H. Nguyen
  • G. I. Noble
  • V. Novosad
  • S. Padin
  • Z. Pan
  • J. Pearson
  • C. M. Posada
  • A. Rahlin
  • J. E. Ruhl
  • L. J. Saunders
  • J. T. Sayre
  • I. Shirley
  • E. Shirokoff
  • G. Smecher
  • J. A. Sobrin
  • A. A. Stark
  • K. T. Story
  • A. Suzuki
  • Q. Y. Tang
  • K. L. Thompson
  • C. Tucker
  • L. R. Vale
  • K. Vanderlinde
  • J. D. Vieira
  • G. Wang
  • N. Whitehorn
  • V. Yefremenko
  • K. W. Yoon
  • M. R. Young
Article
  • 42 Downloads

Abstract

During the austral summer of 2016–2017, the third-generation camera, SPT-3G, was installed on the South Pole Telescope, increasing the detector count in the focal plane by an order of magnitude relative to the previous generation. Designed to map the polarization of the cosmic microwave background, SPT-3G contains ten 6\(''\)-hexagonal modules of detectors, each with 269 trichroic and dual-polarization pixels, read out using 68\(\times \) frequency-domain multiplexing. Here we discuss design, assembly, and layout of the modules, as well as early performance characterization of the first-year array, including yield and detector properties.

Keywords

TES Bolometer Instrumentation SPT-3G CMB 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The South Pole Telescope is supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) through Grant PLR-1248097. Partial support is also provided by the NSF Physics Frontier Center Grant PHY-1125897 to the Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, and the Kavli Foundation and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Grant GBMF 947. Work at Argonne National Laboratory, including Laboratory Directed Research and Development support and use of the Center for Nanoscale Materials, a US Department of Energy, Office of Science (DOE-OS) user facility, was supported under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. We acknowledge R. Divan, L. Stan, C.S. Miller, and V. Kutepova for supporting our work in the Argonne Center for Nanoscale Materials. Work at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, a DOE-OS, HEP User Facility managed by the Fermi Research Alliance, LLC, was supported under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359. NWH acknowledges support from NSF CAREER Grant AST-0956135. The McGill authors acknowledge funding from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, and Canada Research Chairs program.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Everett
    • 1
  • P. A. R. Ade
    • 2
  • Z. Ahmed
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • A. J. Anderson
    • 6
    • 7
  • J. E. Austermann
    • 8
  • J. S. Avva
    • 9
  • R. Basu Thakur
    • 7
  • A. N. Bender
    • 7
    • 10
  • B. A. Benson
    • 6
    • 7
    • 11
  • J. E. Carlstrom
    • 7
    • 10
    • 11
    • 12
    • 13
  • F. W. Carter
    • 7
    • 10
  • T. Cecil
    • 10
  • C. L. Chang
    • 7
    • 10
    • 11
  • J. F. Cliche
    • 14
  • A. Cukierman
    • 9
  • E. V. Denison
    • 8
  • T. de Haan
    • 9
  • J. Ding
    • 15
  • M. A. Dobbs
    • 14
    • 16
  • D. Dutcher
    • 7
    • 13
  • A. Foster
    • 17
  • R. N. Gannon
    • 15
  • A. Gilbert
    • 14
  • J. C. Groh
    • 9
  • N. W. Halverson
    • 1
    • 18
  • A. H. Harke-Hosemann
    • 10
    • 19
  • N. L. Harrington
    • 9
  • J. W. Henning
    • 7
  • G. C. Hilton
    • 8
  • W. L. Holzapfel
    • 9
  • N. Huang
    • 9
  • K. D. Irwin
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • O. B. Jeong
    • 9
  • M. Jonas
    • 6
  • T. Khaire
    • 15
  • A. M. Kofman
    • 19
    • 20
  • M. Korman
    • 17
  • D. Kubik
    • 6
  • S. Kuhlmann
    • 10
  • C. L. Kuo
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • A. T. Lee
    • 9
    • 21
  • A. E. Lowitz
    • 7
  • S. S. Meyer
    • 7
    • 11
    • 12
    • 13
  • D. Michalik
    • 22
  • J. Montgomery
    • 14
  • A. Nadolski
    • 19
  • T. Natoli
    • 23
  • H. Nguyen
    • 6
  • G. I. Noble
    • 14
  • V. Novosad
    • 15
  • S. Padin
    • 7
  • Z. Pan
    • 7
    • 13
  • J. Pearson
    • 15
  • C. M. Posada
    • 15
  • A. Rahlin
    • 6
    • 7
  • J. E. Ruhl
    • 17
  • L. J. Saunders
    • 7
    • 10
  • J. T. Sayre
    • 1
  • I. Shirley
    • 9
  • E. Shirokoff
    • 7
    • 11
  • G. Smecher
    • 24
  • J. A. Sobrin
    • 7
    • 13
  • A. A. Stark
    • 25
  • K. T. Story
    • 3
    • 4
  • A. Suzuki
    • 9
    • 21
  • Q. Y. Tang
    • 7
    • 11
  • K. L. Thompson
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • C. Tucker
    • 2
  • L. R. Vale
    • 8
  • K. Vanderlinde
    • 23
    • 26
  • J. D. Vieira
    • 19
    • 20
  • G. Wang
    • 10
  • N. Whitehorn
    • 9
    • 27
  • V. Yefremenko
    • 10
  • K. W. Yoon
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • M. R. Young
    • 26
  1. 1.CASA, Department of Astrophysical and Planetary SciencesUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  2. 2.School of Physics and AstronomyCardiff UniversityCardiffUK
  3. 3.Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and CosmologyStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  5. 5.SLAC National Accelerator LaboratoryMenlo ParkUSA
  6. 6.Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, MS209BataviaUSA
  7. 7.Kavli Institute for Cosmological PhysicsUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  8. 8.National Institute of Standards and TechnologyBoulderUSA
  9. 9.Department of PhysicsUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  10. 10.High-Energy Physics DivisionArgonne National LaboratoryArgonneUSA
  11. 11.Department of Astronomy and AstrophysicsUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  12. 12.Enrico Fermi InstituteUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  13. 13.Department of PhysicsUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  14. 14.Department of PhysicsMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  15. 15.Material Science DivisionArgonne National LaboratoryArgonneUSA
  16. 16.CIFAR Program in Cosmology and GravityCanadian Institute for Advanced ResearchTorontoCanada
  17. 17.Physics DepartmentCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  18. 18.Department of PhysicsUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  19. 19.Astronomy DepartmentUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA
  20. 20.Department of PhysicsUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA
  21. 21.Physics DivisionLawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA
  22. 22.University of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  23. 23.Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and AstrophysicsUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  24. 24.Three-Speed Logic, Inc.VancouverCanada
  25. 25.Harvard-Smithsonian Center for AstrophysicsCambridgeUSA
  26. 26.Department of Astronomy and AstrophysicsUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  27. 27.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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