Advertisement

Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 193, Issue 3–4, pp 600–610 | Cite as

Comparison of NIST SA13a and SA4b SQUID Array Amplifiers

  • Maximiliano Silva-Feaver
  • Kam Arnold
  • Darcy Barron
  • Edward V. Denison
  • Matt Dobbs
  • John Groh
  • Gene Hilton
  • Johannes Hubmayr
  • Kent Irwin
  • Adrian Lee
  • Leila R. Vale
Article
  • 96 Downloads

Abstract

Several current and proposed cosmic microwave background experiments use transition edge sensor bolometer focal planes coupled to the digital frequency-domain multiplexing (DfMux) electronics. This readout architecture sums bolometer signals in a SQUID array amplifier (SAA). In this study, we investigate the properties of two SAA designs, the SA4b, which is currently used in the DfMux system, and the SA13a. The SA13a design is gradiometric, making it less sensitive to stray magnetic field pickup. It has lower input inductance and is laid out on the chip as a re-configurable array with 6 banks of 64 series SQUIDs that can be arranged in any series and parallel configurations to optimize array noise, peak-to-peak modulation depth, and dynamic output resistance. The SA13a design reported on here is configured with 3 banks in series \(\times \) 2 banks in parallel. The SA4b is a series array of 100 SQUIDs in series, each with an 8-turn input coil.

Keywords

SQUID CMB TES bolometer Multiplexing 

Notes

Acknowledgements

SQUID arrays used in this work were fabricated in the NIST-Boulder microfabrication facility. DfMux room-temperature digital electronics used for these measurements were built by the McGill Cosmology Group. DB is supported by an NSF Astronomy and Astrophysics Postdoctoral Fellowship under Award AST-1501422.

References

  1. 1.
    M. Dobbs, N. Halverson, P. Ade, K. Basu, A. Beelen, F. Bertoldi, C. Cohalan, H. Cho, R. Güsten, W. Holzapfel, Z. Kermish, R. Kneissl, A. Kovács, E. Kreysa, T. Lanting, A. Lee, M. Lueker, J. Mehl, K. Menten, D. Muders, M. Nord, T. Plagge, P. Richards, P. Schilke, D. Schwan, H. Spieler, A. Weiss, M. White, Apex-sz first light and instrument status. New Astron. Rev. 50(11), 960–968 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    R.P. Welty, J.M. Martinis, Two-stage integrated squid amplifier with series array output. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 3, 2605–2608 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Hubmayr, F. Aubin, E. Bissonnette, M. Dobbs, S. Hanany, A.T. Lee, K. MacDermid, X. Meng, I. Sagiv, G. Smecher, Design and characterization of tes bolometers and squid readout electronics for a balloon-borne application. Proc. SPIE 7020, 7020–7020-8 (2008)ADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    B.A. Benson, P.A.R. Ade, Z. Ahmed, S.W. Allen, K. Arnold, J.E. Austermann, A.N. Bender, L.E. Bleem, J.E. Carlstrom, C.L. Chang, H.M. Cho, J.F. Cliche, T.M. Crawford, A. Cukierman, T. de Haan, M.A. Dobbs, D. Dutcher, W. Everett, A. Gilbert, N.W. Halverson, D. Hanson, N.L. Harrington, K. Hattori, J.W. Henning, G.C. Hilton, G.P. Holder, W.L. Holzapfel, K.D. Irwin, R. Keisler, L. Knox, D. Kubik, C.L. Kuo, A.T. Lee, E.M. Leitch, D. Li, M. McDonald, S.S. Meyer, J. Montgomery, M. Myers, T. Natoli, H. Nguyen, V. Novosad, S. Padin, Z. Pan, J. Pearson, C. Reichardt, J.E. Ruhl, B.R. Saliwanchik, G. Simard, G. Smecher, J.T. Sayre, E. Shirokoff, A.A. Stark, K. Story, A. Suzuki, K.L. Thompson, C. Tucker, K. Vanderlinde, J.D. Vieira, A. Vikhlinin, G. Wang, V. Yefremenko, K.W. Yoon, Spt-3g: a next-generation cosmic microwave background polarization experiment on the south pole telescope. Proc. SPIE 9153, 9153–9153-21 (2014)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J.E. Austermann, K.A. Aird, J.A. Beall, D. Becker, A. Bender, B.A. Benson, L.E. Bleem, J. Britton, J.E. Carlstrom, C.L. Chang, H.C. Chiang, H.-M. Cho, T.M. Crawford, A.T. Crites, A. Datesman, T. de Haan, M.A. Dobbs, E.M. George, N.W. Halverson, N. Harrington, J.W. Henning, G.C. Hilton, G.P. Holder, W.L. Holzapfel, S. Hoover, N. Huang, J. Hubmayr, K.D. Irwin, R. Keisler, J. Kennedy, L. Knox, A.T. Lee, E. Leitch, D. Li, M. Lueker, D.P. Marrone, J.J. McMahon, J. Mehl, S.S. Meyer, T.E. Montroy, T. Natoli, J.P. Nibarger, M.D. Niemack, V. Novosad, S. Padin, C. Pryke, C.L. Reichardt, J.E. Ruhl, B.R. Saliwanchik, J.T. Sayre, K.K. Schaffer, E. Shirokoff, A.A. Stark, K. Story, K. Vanderlinde, J.D. Vieira, G. Wang, R. Williamson, V. Yefremenko, K.W. Yoon, O. Zahn, Sptpol: an instrument for cmb polarization measurements with the south pole telescope. Proc. SPIE 8452, 8452–8452-18 (2012)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Z.D. Kermish, P. Ade, A. Anthony, K. Arnold, D. Barron, D. Boettger, J. Borrill, S. Chapman, Y. Chinone, M.A. Dobbs, J. Errard, G. Fabbian, D. Flanigan, G. Fuller, A. Ghribi, W. Grainger, N. Halverson, M. Hasegawa, K. Hattori, M. Hazumi, W.L. Holzapfel, J. Howard, P. Hyland, A. Jaffe, B. Keating, T. Kisner, A.T. Lee, M.L. Jeune, E. Linder, M. Lungu, F. Matsuda, T. Matsumura, X. Meng, N.J. Miller, H. Morii, S. Moyerman, M.J. Myers, H. Nishino, H. Paar, E. Quealy, C.L. Reichardt, P.L. Richards, C. Ross, A. Shimizu, M. Shimon, C. Shimmin, M. Sholl, P. Siritanasak, H. Spieler, N. Stebor, B. Steinbach, R. Stompor, A. Suzuki, T. Tomaru, C. Tucker, O. Zahn, The polarbear experiment. Proc. SPIE 8452, 8452–8452-15 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Suzuki, P. Ade, Y. Akiba, C. Aleman, K. Arnold, C. Baccigalupi, B. Barch, D. Barron, A. Bender, D. Boettger, J. Borrill, S. Chapman, Y. Chinone, A. Cukierman, M. Dobbs, A. Ducout, R. Dunner, T. Elleflot, J. Errard, G. Fabbian, S. Feeney, C. Feng, T. Fujino, G. Fuller, A. Gilbert, N. Goeckner-Wald, J. Groh, T.D. Haan, G. Hall, N. Halverson, T. Hamada, M. Hasegawa, K. Hattori, M. Hazumi, C. Hill, W. Holzapfel, Y. Hori, L. Howe, Y. Inoue, F. Irie, G. Jaehnig, A. Jaffe, O. Jeong, N. Katayama, J. Kaufman, K. Kazemzadeh, B. Keating, Z. Kermish, R. Keskitalo, T. Kisner, A. Kusaka, M.L. Jeune, A. Lee, D. Leon, E. Linder, L. Lowry, F. Matsuda, T. Matsumura, N. Miller, K. Mizukami, J. Montgomery, M. Navaroli, H. Nishino, J. Peloton, D. Poletti, G. Puglisi, G. Rebeiz, C. Raum, C. Reichardt, P. Richards, C. Ross, K. Rotermund, Y. Segawa, B. Sherwin, I. Shirley, P. Siritanasak, N. Stebor, R. Stompor, J. Suzuki, O. Tajima, S. Takada, S. Takakura, S. Takatori, A. Tikhomirov, T. Tomaru, B. Westbrook, N. Whitehorn, T. Yamashita, A. Zahn, O. Zahn, The polarbear-2 and the simons array experiments. J. Low Temp. Phys. 184, 805–810 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M.A. Dobbs, M. Lueker, K.A. Aird, A.N. Bender, B.A. Benson, L.E. Bleem, J.E. Carlstrom, C.L. Chang, H.-M. Cho, J. Clarke, T.M. Crawford, A.T. Crites, D.I. Flanigan, T. de Haan, E.M. George, N.W. Halverson, W.L. Holzapfel, J.D. Hrubes, B.R. Johnson, J. Joseph, R. Keisler, J. Kennedy, Z. Kermish, T.M. Lanting, A.T. Lee, E.M. Leitch, D. Luong-Van, J.J. McMahon, J. Mehl, S.S. Meyer, T.E. Montroy, S. Padin, T. Plagge, C. Pryke, P.L. Richards, J.E. Ruhl, K.K. Schaffer, D. Schwan, E. Shirokoff, H.G. Spieler, Z. Staniszewski, A.A. Stark, K. Vanderlinde, J.D. Vieira, C. Vu, B. Westbrook, R. Williamson, Frequency multiplexed superconducting quantum interference device readout of large bolometer arrays for cosmic microwave background measurements. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(7), 073113 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Clarke, A.I. Braginski, The SQUID Handbook Fundamentals and Technology of SQUIDs and SQUID Systems (Wiley, Weinheim, 2006)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.S. Avva, P.A.R. Ade, Z. Ahmed, A.J. Anderson, J.E. Austermann, R.B. Thakur, D. Barron, A.N. Bender, B.A. Benson, J.E. Carlstrom, F.W. Carter, T. Cecil, C.L. Chang, J.F. Cliche, A. Cukierman, E.V. Denison, T. de Haan, J. Ding, M.A. Dobbs, D. Dutcher, T. Elleflot, W. Everett, A. Foster, R.N. Gannon, A. Gilbert, J.C. Groh, N.W. Halverson, A.H. Harke-Hosemann, N.L. Harrington, M. Hasegawa, K. Hattori, J.W. Henning, G.C. Hilton, W.L. Holzapfel, Y. Hori, N. Huang, K.D. Irwin, O.B. Jeong, M. Jonas, T. Khaire, A.M. Kofman, M. Korman, D. Kubik, S. Kuhlmann, C.L. Kuo, A.T. Lee, A.E. Lowitz, S.S. Meyer, J. Montgomery, A. Nadolski, T. Natoli, H. Nguyen, H. Nishino, G.I. Noble, V. Novosad, S. Padin, Z. Pan, J. Pearson, C.M. Posada, A. Rahlin, K. Rotermund, J.E. Ruhl, L.J. Saunders, J.T. Sayre, I. Shirley, E. Shirokoff, G. Smecher, J.A. Sobrin, A.A. Stark, K.T. Story, A. Suzuki, Q.Y. Tang, K.L. Thompson, C. Tucker, L.R. Vale, K. Vanderlinde, J.D. Vieira, G. Wang, N. Whitehorn, V. Yefremenko, K.W. Yoon, M.R. Young, Design and assembly of SPT-3G cold readout hardware. J. Low Temp. Phys. (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10909-018-1965-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    W.B. Doriese, K.M. Morgan, D.A. Bennett, E.V. Denison, C.P. Fitzgerald, J.W. Fowler, J.D. Gard, J.P. Hays-Wehle, G.C. Hilton, K.D. Irwin, Y.I. Joe, J.A.B. Mates, G.C. O’Neil, C.D. Reintsema, N.O. Robbins, D.R. Schmidt, D.S. Swetz, H. Tatsuno, L.R. Vale, J.N. Ullom, Developments in time-division multiplexing of X-ray transition-edge sensors. J. Low Temp. Phys. 184, 389–395 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    L. Gottardi, M. Kiviranta, J. van der Kuur, H. Akamatsu, M.P. Bruijn, R. den Hartog, Nearly quantum limited two-stage squid amplifiers for the frequency domain multiplexing of tes based X-ray and infrared detectors. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 25, 1–4 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maximiliano Silva-Feaver
    • 1
  • Kam Arnold
    • 1
  • Darcy Barron
    • 1
  • Edward V. Denison
    • 1
  • Matt Dobbs
    • 1
  • John Groh
    • 1
  • Gene Hilton
    • 1
  • Johannes Hubmayr
    • 1
  • Kent Irwin
    • 1
  • Adrian Lee
    • 1
  • Leila R. Vale
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics - Center for Astrophysics and Space SciencesUniversity of California San DiegoLa JollaUSA

Personalised recommendations