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Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 193, Issue 3–4, pp 498–504 | Cite as

Lithographed Superconducting Resonator Development for Next-Generation Frequency Multiplexing Readout of Transition-Edge Sensors

  • F. Faramarzi
  • T. De Haan
  • A. Kusaka
  • A. Lee
  • B. Neuhauser
  • R. Plambeck
  • C. Raum
  • A. Suzuki
  • B. Westbrook
Article

Abstract

Ground-based cosmic microwave background (CMB) experiments are undergoing a period of exponential growth. Current experiments are observing with 1000–10,000 detectors, and the next-generation experiment (CMB stage 4) is proposing to deploy approximately 500,000 detectors. This order of magnitude increase in detector count will require a new approach for readout electronics. We have developed superconducting resonators for next-generation frequency-domain multiplexing (fMUX) readout architecture. Our goal is to reduce the physical size of resonators, such that resonators and detectors can eventually be integrated on a single wafer. To reduce the size of these resonators, we have designed spiral inductors and interdigitated capacitors that resonate around 10–100 MHz, an order of magnitude higher frequency compared to current fMUX readout systems. The higher frequency leads to a wider bandwidth and would enable higher multiplexing factor than the current \(\sim \) 50 detectors per readout channel. We will report on the simulation, fabrication method, characterization technique, and measurement of quality factor of these resonators.

Keywords

Cosmic microwave background radiation Transition-edge sensors Frequency-domain multiplexing Superconducting LC resonators 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was in part supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics, under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Faramarzi
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • T. De Haan
    • 2
    • 3
  • A. Kusaka
    • 3
  • A. Lee
    • 2
    • 3
  • B. Neuhauser
    • 1
  • R. Plambeck
    • 2
    • 4
  • C. Raum
    • 2
    • 4
  • A. Suzuki
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • B. Westbrook
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomySan Francisco State UniversitySan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsLawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA
  4. 4.Radio Astronomy LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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