Anomalous Attenuation of Piezoacoustic Surface Waves by Liquid Helium Thin Films

  • H. ByeonEmail author
  • K. Nasyedkin
  • J. R. Lane
  • L. Zhang
  • N. R. Beysengulov
  • R. Loloee
  • J. Pollanen


We report on the observation of an anomalously high attenuation of high-frequency surface acoustic waves by thin films of liquid \(^{4}\)He. The piezoelectric acoustic waves propagate along the surface of a lithium niobate substrate, which is coated with varying amounts of liquid helium. When the thickness of the helium layer is much larger than the wavelength of the surface acoustic wave on the substrate, its attenuation is dominated by the excitation of compressional waves into the liquid, in good agreement with theory and previous measurements. However, for sufficiently thin helium coverage, we find that the acoustic wave attenuation is significantly increased beyond that measured with the substrate submerged in bulk liquid. Possible mechanisms for this enhanced attenuation are discussed.


Surface acoustic waves Thin film quantum fluids Liquid \(^{4}\)He 



We are grateful to M.I. Dykman and W.P. Halperin for helpful discussions. This work was supported by the NSF (Grant No. DMR-1708331).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Byeon
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. Nasyedkin
    • 1
  • J. R. Lane
    • 1
  • L. Zhang
    • 1
  • N. R. Beysengulov
    • 1
  • R. Loloee
    • 1
  • J. Pollanen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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