Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 184, Issue 3–4, pp 559–567

The First Multichroic Polarimeter Array on the Atacama Cosmology Telescope: Characterization and Performance

  • S. P. Ho
  • C. G. Pappas
  • J. Austermann
  • J. A. Beall
  • D. Becker
  • S. K. Choi
  • R. Datta
  • S. M. Duff
  • P. A. Gallardo
  • E. Grace
  • M. Hasselfield
  • S. W. Henderson
  • G. C. Hilton
  • J. Hubmayr
  • B. J. Koopman
  • J. V. Lanen
  • D. Li
  • J. McMahon
  • F. Nati
  • M. D. Niemack
  • P. Niraula
  • M. Salatino
  • A. Schillaci
  • B. L. Schmitt
  • S. M. Simon
  • S. T. Staggs
  • J. R. Stevens
  • J. T. Ward
  • E. J. Wollack
  • E. M. Vavagiakis
Article

Abstract

The Atacama Cosmology Telescope Polarimeter (ACTPol) is a polarization sensitive receiver for the 6-m Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) and measures the small angular scale polarization anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background (CMB). The full focal plane is composed of three detector arrays, containing over 3000 transition edge sensors (TES detectors) in total. The first two detector arrays, observing at 146 GHz, were deployed in 2013 and 2014, respectively. The third and final array is composed of multichroic pixels sensitive to both 90 and 146 GHz and saw first light in February 2015. Fabricated at NIST, this dichroic array consists of 255 pixels, with a total of 1020 polarization sensitive bolometers and is coupled to the telescope with a monolithic array of broad-band silicon feedhorns. The detectors are read out using time-division SQUID multiplexing and cooled by a dilution refrigerator at 110 mK. We present an overview of the assembly and characterization of this multichroic array in the lab, and the initial detector performance in Chile. The detector array has a TES detector electrical yield of 85 %, a total array sensitivity of less than 10 \(\upmu \)K\(\sqrt{\text {s}}\), and detector time constants and saturation powers suitable for ACT CMB observations.

Keywords

ACTPol Cosmic microwave background Multichroic Polarization Transition edge sensors SQUID 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. P. Ho
    • 1
  • C. G. Pappas
    • 1
  • J. Austermann
    • 2
  • J. A. Beall
    • 2
  • D. Becker
    • 2
  • S. K. Choi
    • 1
  • R. Datta
    • 3
  • S. M. Duff
    • 2
  • P. A. Gallardo
    • 4
  • E. Grace
    • 1
  • M. Hasselfield
    • 1
  • S. W. Henderson
    • 4
  • G. C. Hilton
    • 2
  • J. Hubmayr
    • 2
  • B. J. Koopman
    • 4
  • J. V. Lanen
    • 2
  • D. Li
    • 2
  • J. McMahon
    • 3
  • F. Nati
    • 5
  • M. D. Niemack
    • 4
  • P. Niraula
    • 1
  • M. Salatino
    • 1
  • A. Schillaci
    • 1
  • B. L. Schmitt
    • 5
  • S. M. Simon
    • 1
  • S. T. Staggs
    • 1
  • J. R. Stevens
    • 4
  • J. T. Ward
    • 5
  • E. J. Wollack
    • 6
  • E. M. Vavagiakis
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA
  2. 2.NIST Quantum Devices GroupBoulderUSA
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsCornell UniversityIthacaUSA
  5. 5.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  6. 6.Goddard Space Flight CenterNational Aeronautics and Space AdministrationGreenbeltUSA

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