Development of Magnetization Measurement Devices Using Micro-dc-SQUIDs and a Sr\(_2\)RuO\(_4\) Microplate
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We developed high-sensitivity magnetization measurement devices composed of micro-dc-SQUIDs and a superconducting Sr\(_2\)RuO\(_4\) microplate, aiming to investigate novel magnetic properties related to a spin-triplet chiral p-wave superconductor with a mesoscopic size. Micron-sized dc-SQUID was fabricated by thin Al electrodes, and the SQUID structure was improved to prevent magnetic fluxes from intruding into SQUID electrodes. A Sr\(_2\)RuO\(_4\) superconducting microplate was fabricated into the size as small as the SQUID loop using a focused ion beam and directly mounted on the SQUID with precise positioning for high-sensitivity magnetization measurements. In the preliminary magnetization measurements of this device, we observed vortices trapped into the plate and thus the lower critical field. The improved magnetization measurement device developed to exclude undesirable flux intrusion successfully enabled high-sensitivity detection of quantized vortex.
KeywordsChiral p-wave superconductor Mesoscopic superconductor Quantized vortex Superconducting quantum interference device
This research was supported by MEXT KAKENHI (Grant Nos. 22103002, 15H05852, 15H05853) and JSPS KAKENHI (Grant Nos. 20221007, 25390046, 15K17708). Device fabrication was supported by the NIMS Nanofabrication platform of the Nanotechnology Platform Project and RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science sponsored by MEXT.