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Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 167, Issue 3–4, pp 528–534 | Cite as

Status of the Cryogen-Free Cryogenic System for the CUORE Experiment

  • A. Nucciotti
  • F. Alessandria
  • M. Ameri
  • C. Bucci
  • A. Bersani
  • L. Canonica
  • R. Cereseto
  • G. Ceruti
  • O. Cremonesi
  • A. Dally
  • V. Datskov
  • S. Dossena
  • L. Ejzak
  • M. Faverzani
  • E. Ferri
  • A. Franceschi
  • G. Gregerson
  • K. Heeger
  • C. Ligi
  • T. Napolitano
  • D. Orlandi
  • M. Sisti
  • L. Taffarello
  • L. Tatananni
  • T. Wise
  • A. Woodcraft
Article

Abstract

The CUORE detector will be made of 988 TeO2 crystals and will need a base temperature lower than 10 mK in order to meet the performance specifications. To cool the CUORE detector a large cryogen-free cryostat with five pulse tubes and one specially designed high-power dilution refrigerator has been designed. The detector assembly has a total mass of about 1.5 ton and uses a vibration decoupling suspension system. Because of the stringent requirements regarding radioactivity, about 12 tons of lead shielding need to be cooled to 4 K and below, and only a limited number of construction materials are acceptable. The eight retractable radioactive sources for detector calibration and about 2600 signal wires add further complexity to the system. The many stringent and contrasting requirements together with the overall large size made the design of the CUORE cryogenic system a real mechanical and cryogenic engineering challenge. The cryogenic system is expected to be fully operational in the Gran Sasso Laboratory in July 2013. We report here about the current status of the cryogenic system construction, which has started about one year.

Keywords

Dilution refrigerator Pulse tube Cryostat Double beta decay 

References

  1. 1.
    L. Gironi, CUORE: the challenge of a 988 bolometer array. J. Low Temp. Phys. (submitted) Google Scholar
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    A. Nucciotti et al., J. Low Temp. Phys. 151, 662 (2008) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    S. Sangiorgio et al., AIP Conf. Proc. 1185, 677 (2009) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Nucciotti
    • 1
    • 2
  • F. Alessandria
    • 2
  • M. Ameri
    • 5
  • C. Bucci
    • 3
  • A. Bersani
    • 5
  • L. Canonica
    • 5
  • R. Cereseto
    • 5
  • G. Ceruti
    • 2
  • O. Cremonesi
    • 2
  • A. Dally
    • 7
  • V. Datskov
    • 2
  • S. Dossena
    • 2
  • L. Ejzak
    • 7
  • M. Faverzani
    • 1
    • 2
  • E. Ferri
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Franceschi
    • 4
  • G. Gregerson
    • 7
  • K. Heeger
    • 7
  • C. Ligi
    • 4
  • T. Napolitano
    • 4
  • D. Orlandi
    • 3
  • M. Sisti
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. Taffarello
    • 6
  • L. Tatananni
    • 3
  • T. Wise
    • 7
  • A. Woodcraft
    • 8
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Fisica “G. Occhialini”Univ. Milano-BicoccaMilanItalia
  2. 2.INFN, Sez. di Milano-BicoccaMilanItalia
  3. 3.INFN, Laboratori Nazionali del Gran SassoAssergi (AQ)Italia
  4. 4.INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiFrascati (Roma)Italia
  5. 5.INFN, Sez. di GenovaGenovaItalia
  6. 6.INFN, Sez. di PadovaPadovaItalia
  7. 7.Department of PhysicsWisconsin UniversityMadisonUSA
  8. 8.Astronomical Instrumentation GroupCardiffUK

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