Towards Analytical Approaches to the Dynamical-Cluster Approximation
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I introduce several simplified schemes for the approximation of the self-consistency condition of the dynamical cluster approximation. The applicability of the schemes is tested numerically using the fluctuation-exchange approximation as a cluster solver for the Hubbard model. Thermodynamic properties are found to be practically indistinguishable from those computed using the full self-consistent scheme in all cases where the non-interacting partial density of states is replaced by simplified analytic forms with matching 1st and 2nd moments. Green functions are also compared and found to be in close agreement, and the density of states computed using Padé approximant analytic continuation shows that dynamical properties can also be approximated effectively. Extensions to two-particle properties and multiple bands are discussed. Simplified approaches to the dynamical cluster approximation should lead to new analytic solutions of the Hubbard and other models.
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