Textures and Exotic Vortices in Neutral Fermion Superfluids

  • K. Machida
  • Y. Tsutsumi
  • T. Kawakami
  • H. M. Adachi
  • J. A. M. Huhtamäki
  • T. Mizushima
  • M. Ichioka
Article
  • 58 Downloads

Abstract

There has been intense interest in various Fermion superfluids in neutral atom liquids and gases, including chiral p-wave pairing in 3He-A phase and Feshbach-resonanced 6Li atom gases and d-wave pairing in atom gases. It is particularly interesting to find exotic vortices and associated low-lying Fermionic excitations under rotation. Here we report on our efforts of those topics: (1) Majorana Fermion in chiral superfluids near a p-wave Feshbach resonance. (2) Possible half-quantum vortices in p-wave superfluids of trapped Fermion atom gases. (3) Stability of a half-quantum vortex in rotating superfluid 3He-A between parallel plates. (4) Majorana bound state in rotating superfluid 3He-A between parallel plates. (5) Non-Abelian Fractional vortex in d-wave Feshbach resonance superfluids. We will summarize some of those works in a coherent manner in order to bridge the understanding between cold atom community and superfluid 3He community by stressing the importance of cross fertilization between them.

Keywords

Superfluid 3He-A p-wave pairing d-wave pairing Majorana particle Fractional vortex 

PACS

03.75.Hh 67.10.-j 67.30.he 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Machida
    • 1
  • Y. Tsutsumi
    • 1
  • T. Kawakami
    • 1
  • H. M. Adachi
    • 1
  • J. A. M. Huhtamäki
    • 1
  • T. Mizushima
    • 1
  • M. Ichioka
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsOkayama UniversityOkayamaJapan

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