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Journal of Insect Behavior

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 333–345 | Cite as

Response of the Praying Mantis, Sphodromantis Viridis, to Target Change in Size and to Target Visual Occlusion

  • Tomer Baum
  • Igor Katsman
  • Ehud Rivlin
  • Meir Broza
  • Michael Moshkovich
  • Gadi Katzir
Article

Abstract

Mantises (Mantodea, Mantidae) visually detect insect prey and capture it by a ballistic strike of their specialized forelegs. We tested predatory responses of female mantis, Sphodromantis viridis, to computer generated visual stimuli, to determine the effects of (i) target size and velocity (ii) discrete changes in target size and (iii) visual occlusion. Maximal predatory responses were elicited by stimuli that (i) subtended ~20°–23° horizontally and ~16°–19° vertically, at the eye, and moved across the screen at angular velocities of ~46°–119°/s, (ii) increased in size in a stepwise manner, with step duration ≥0.8 s, while stimuli decreasing in size elicited only peering movements, (iii) Stimuli disappearing gradually behind a virtual occlusion elicited one or more head saccades but not actual interception.

Keywords

Praying mantis Sphodromantis viridis vision stepwise target size change visual occlusion predatory strikes 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was funded by the Israel Science Foundation (ISF).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomer Baum
    • 3
  • Igor Katsman
    • 1
  • Ehud Rivlin
    • 1
  • Meir Broza
    • 2
  • Michael Moshkovich
    • 1
  • Gadi Katzir
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Computer SciencesThe TechnionHaifaIsrael
  2. 2.Department of BiologyOranim-University of HaifaTivonIsrael
  3. 3.Department of MathematicsThe TechnionHaifaIsrael
  4. 4.Department of Evolutionary and Environmental BiologyUniversity of HaifaHaifaIsrael

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