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TiO2–SnO2 Nanocomposites: Effect of Acid–Base and Structural-Adsorption Properties on Photocatalytic Performance

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The article considers the influence of acid–base and structural-adsorption properties on the photocatalytic activity of TiO2 and TiO2–SnO2 nanocomposites obtained by hydrolytic (HL) and hydrothermal (HT) synthesis methods. Acid–base properties were evaluated by Hammett indicator method. Structural-adsorption properties were studied using Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface analysis (BET). Photocatalytic activity of the nanocomposites was determined using photodegradation of methylene blue (MB) and Congo red (CR) organic dyes. Synthesized materials were also characterized by X-ray fluorescence (XRF), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Raman spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). All the synthesized photocatalysts are mesoporous materials with developed surface area. The results demonstrated that HT series samples with both acidic and basic sites of Brønsted type are universal sorbents and photocatalysts that effectively remove both cationic and anionic dyes. HL series composites with Brønsted basic sites are only selective towards cationic dyes. The improved photocatalytic performance of the HT series sample containing 1% of SnO2 may attribute to the increased surface area and high content of Brønsted sites of different types.

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The authors would like to acknowledge V.E. Lashkaryov Institute of Semiconductor Physics NAS of Ukraine and especially Dr. Viktor Strelchuk and PhD Iurii M. Nasieka for providing Raman spectroscopy.


This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Author information

All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Material preparation, data collection and analysis were performed by AK, TD and WK. The first draft of the manuscript was written by AK and all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Correspondence to Anastasiya Kutuzova.

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Kutuzova, A., Dontsova, T. & Kwapinski, W. TiO2–SnO2 Nanocomposites: Effect of Acid–Base and Structural-Adsorption Properties on Photocatalytic Performance. J Inorg Organomet Polym (2020).

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  • Nanocomposites TiO2–SnO2
  • Acidic-basic sites
  • Hammett method
  • Sorption
  • Photocatalysis