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Enhanced Antifungal Activity of Pure and Iron-Doped ZnO Nanoparticles Prepared in the Absence of Reducing Agents

  • A. Ferin Fathima
  • R. Jothi Mani
  • K. SakthipandiEmail author
  • K. Manimala
  • Aslam Hossain
Article

Abstract

Pure and iron (Fe)-doped ZnO nanoparticles were synthesized using polyethylene glycol in the absence of reducing agents such as NaOH and ammonia. From XRD patterns, particle sizes pure (33.38 ± 2 nm) and Fe-doped ZnO (27.99 ± 2 nm) were calculated, which were found to be in nanoscale range. XRD patterns of the synthesized samples were refined by the Rietveld method using hexagonal unit cell, and the refinement results for the single-phase samples revealed that the unit cell volume slightly increases by iron doping of ZnO. Antifungal activity of pure and Fe-doped ZnO nanoparticles was observed against three postharvest pathogenic fungi such as Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus and Rhizopus. Iron doping enhances the inhibition zone for all fungal pathogens compared to the pure ZnO nanoparticles. Antifungal activity of the Fe-doped ZnO nanoparticles is comparable with the standard antibiotic mycostatin whose inhibition zone is 18 mm against A. Niger.

Keywords

Antifungal activity Aspergillus niger Aspergillus flavus Rhizopus ZnO nanoparticles 

Notes

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsSadakathullah Appa CollegeTirunelveliIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsSethu Institute of TechnologyKariapattiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Physical and Inorganic Chemistry, Institute of Natural Sciences and MathematicsUral Federal UniversityYekaterinburgRussia

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