Uptake of Metal Ions (Co(II) and Ni(II)) by Silica-Salicylaldehyde Derived from Rice Husks

  • Aliyaa Dhahir Mohsin
  • Hayder Hamied MihsenEmail author


The source of silica in silica-salicylaldehyde was rice husk ash (RHA). RHA was converted to sodium silicate by reacting with sodium hydroxide solution. The technique of sol–gel was used to synthesize RHAPrNH2 through the reaction of 3-(aminopropyl)triethoxysilane with sodium silicate in a strong acidic medium. Novel nanomaterial (RHA-SALED) was prepared from the reaction of salicylaldehyde with RHAPrNH2 by condensation reaction in toluene solvent. The technique of FTIR showed that the peak at 1622 cm−1 belongs to C=N. XRD technique showed the amorphous nature for RHA-SALED with maximum intensity at 22° (2θ). CHNS technique proved that RHA-SALED contain 9.28% of N higher than that of RHAPrNH2. SEM confirmed that the functionalized particles are granular and shaped irregularly with a common diameter of ca. 40.36 nm. BET measurements additionally confirmed that the surface place is 1.0356 m2 g−1 of RHA-SALED with pore size distribution 10.879 nm. The material RHA-SALED was used for absorption from an aqueous solution of heavy contaminating metal ions Ni(II) and Co(II).


Rice husk ash 3-(Aminopropyl)triethoxysilane Salicylaldehyde Surface area Uptake capacity 



We would like to thank Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Kerbala University, for financial support.


  1. 1.
    S. Azat, A.V. Korobeinyk, K. Moustakas, V.J. Inglezakis, J. Clean. Prod. 217, 352 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    F. Requena, R. Jiménez-Quero, A. Vargas, M. Moriana, R. Chiralt, A. Vilaplana, A.C.S. Sustain, Chem. Eng. 7, 6275 (2019)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Ullah, Z. Man, Z. Khan, A.S. Muhammad, N. Mahmood, H. Ghanem, O.B. Raheel, J. Clean. Prod. 220, 620 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M.F. De Souza, W.L.E. Magalhães, M.C. Persegil, Mater. Res. 5, 467 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. Sivakumar, Glob. J. Environ. Sci. Manag. 1, 27 (2015)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. Sturm, G.J.G. Gluth, H.J.H. Brouwers, H.-C. Kühne, Constr. Build. Mater. 124, 961 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H.X. Nguyen, N.T.T. Dao, H.T.T. Nguyen, A.Q.T. Le, in IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (2019), p. 12007Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Beidaghy, D.H. Zeng, T. Hartmann, I. Enke, D. Schliermann, T. Lenz, V. Bidabadi, Appl. Sci. 9, 1083 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J.T. Librea, F.D. Dacanay, Z.Z. Martin, L.L. Diaz, in IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (2019), p. 12007Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. Sembiring, R. Situmeang, Z. Sembiring, Cerâmica 65, 194 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    C. Real, M.D. Alcala, J.M. Criado, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79, 2012 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    R.A. Bakar, R. Yahya, S.N. Gan, Procedia Chem. 19, 189 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J.A. Santana Costa, C.M. Paranhos, J. Clean. Prod. 192, 688 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    X. Xu, Y. Zheng, B. Gao, X. Cao, Chem. Eng. J. 368, 564 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. Acharya, U. Kumar, P.M. Rafi, Int. J. Curr. Eng. Technol. 3, 525 (2018)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. Najafi, Y. Yousefi, A.A. Rafati, Sep. Purif. Technol. 85, 193 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Y. Liu, H. Feng, S. Zhang, N. Du, X. Liu, Front. Environ. Sci. Eng. 8, 329 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S.K. Gunatilake, Methods 1, 12 (2015)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. Naushad, M. Ahamad, T. Al-Maswari, B.M. Alqadami, A.A. Alshehri, Chem. Eng. J. 330, 1351 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Z. An, F.Q. Wu, R.Y. Li, M. Hu, T.P. Gao, J.F. Yuan, React. Funct. Polym. 118, 42 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    G. Li, Z. Zhao, J. Liu, G. Jiang, J. Hazard. Mater. 192, 277 (2011)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. Ahmad, N. Sereshti, H. Mousazadeh, M. Nodeh, H.R. Kamboh, M.A. Mohamad, Mater. Chem. Phys. 226, 73 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    J. El-Ashgar, N.M. El-Nahhal, I.M. Chehimi, M.M. Babonneau, F. Livage, Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem. 89, 1057 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    I.M. El-Nahhal, F.R. Zaggout, N.M. El-Ashgar, Anal. Lett. 33, 2031 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    I.M. El-Nahhal, N.M. El-Ashgar, J. Organomet. Chem. 692, 2861 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    T.J. Al-Hasani, H.H. Mihsen, K.M. Hello, F. Adam, Arab. J. Chem. 10, S1492 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    M.M. El-Ashgar, N.M. El-Nahhal, I.M. Ahmed, M.A. Shaweesh, A.A.A. Chehimi, J. Iran. Chem. Soc. 15, 2325 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    K.M. Hello, H.H. Mihsen, M.J. Mosa, Iran. J. Catal. 4, 195 (2014)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    K.M. Hello, H.H. Mihsen, M.J. Mosa, M.S. Magtoof, J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng. 46, 74 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    H.H. Mihsen, H.S. Sobh, Asian J. Chem. 30, 937 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    F. Adam, K.M. Hello, H. Osman, Chin. J. Chem. 28, 2383 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    T. Chanadee, S. Chaiyarat, J. Mater. Environ. Sci. 7, 2369 (2016)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    J.M. Carmona, V.B. Oliveira, R.M. Silva, W.T.L. Mattoso, L.H.C. Marconcini, Ind. Crops Prod. 43, 291 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    R. Fernandes, I.J. Calheiro, D. Kieling, A.G. Moraes, C.A. Rocha, T.L. Brehm, F.A. Modolo, Fuel 165, 351 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    S.R. Kamath, A. Proctor, Cereal Chem. 75, 484 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    M.J. Barnabas, S. Parambadath, S. Nagappan, C.S. Ha, Heliyon 5, e01521 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    F. Adam, H. Osman, K.M. Hello, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 331, 143 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    F. Adam, K.M. Hello, S.J. Chai, Chem. Eng. Res. Des. 90, 633 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    A.E. Ahmed, F. Adam, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 103, 284 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, College of ScienceUniversity of KerbalaKarbalaIraq

Personalised recommendations