Fluorescence Detection of Metals and Nitro Aromatic Compounds Based on Tetrastyrene Derivatives

  • Chun Yu Hou
  • Chen Wang
  • Yong Heng XingEmail author
  • Feng Ying BaiEmail author


Three luminescent derivatives were synthesized based on improving the synthetic method, including 1,1,2,2-tetrakis(4-bromophenyl)ethylene (1), 4,4′,4″,4′′′-(ethylene-1,1,2,2-tetrayl)tetrabenzoic acid (2), and 4′,4′′′,4′′′′′,4′′′′′′′-(ethylene-1,1,2,2-tetrayl)tetrakis([1,1′-biphenyl]-4-carboxylic acid) (3). They were characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectra, and 1H NMR. Moreover, the specific structure of the compound 1 is determined by single crystal diffraction. We detected the fluorescence responses of the compounds 2 and 3 in different metal ion and nitro compound solutions. It was found that the fluorescence effects of the compounds 2 and 3 for Fe3+ and trinitro phenol (TNP) were so strongest that the fluorescence intensity of the compounds being completely annihilated. In addition, we also studied the fluorescence lifetime and the quantum yield of the compounds 2 and 3, and explained the fluorescence quenching mechanism.


Tetraphenylethylene Aggregation-induced luminescence Fluorescent probe Nitro compounds Metal ions 



This work was supported by the grants of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21571091, 21371086) for financial assistance.

Supplementary material

10904_2019_1283_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.8 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1841 kb) The IR characteristic peaks of compounds 13 are listed in Table S1. The structural unit diagram of compound 1 is shown in Fig. S1. The IR spectra, 1H NMR, Thermal analysis of compounds 13 are shown in Figs. S2–S6. A line graph of the fluorescence response of different nitro compounds to compounds 2 and 3 are shown in Figure S9-S10. CCDC 1856319 contains the supplementary crystallographic data for this paper. These data can be obtained free of charge from The Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre via


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringLiaoning Normal UniversityDalianPeople’s Republic of China

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