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Effect of Electrolyte on Performance of Electrochromic Films Including Plasma Modified V2O5 Composite

  • Esin Eren
  • Abdulkerim Yildiz
  • Gamze Celik Cogal
  • Songul Sen Gursoy
  • Emre Uygun
  • Lutfi Oksuz
  • Aysegul Uygun OksuzEmail author
Article
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Abstract

Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) electrochromic material was modified by furan plasma polymerization method and electrochromic properties of the new V2O5/Polyfuran (PFu) composite material were examined in three different electrolytes (lithium perchlorate (LiClO4), lithium trifluoromethanesulfonate (LiTRIF), sodium perchlorate (NaClO4), which influence significantly their electrochemical and electrochromic features. The V2O5 and V2O5/PFu composite material were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM–EDS), X-ray diffraction analysis and X-ray photoelectronspectroscopy (XPS) technique. Synergetic influences of composite films contributed to improve electrochromic performance that of V2O5. The best results were obtained with V2O5/PFu film in the presence of LiClO4/Propylene carbonate (PC) electrolyte that showed a high optical contrast of 32% and coloration efficiency of 31.3 cm2/C. The fastest reduction responses were obtained as 3.96 s, 2.24 s for V2O5 and V2O5/PFu films in 1 M NaClO4/PC electrolyte due to higher ionic conductivity. Simple and single-step plasma modification preparation technique of V2O5/PFu-based composite with excellent electrochemical behavior and improved electrochromic performance encourages in the development of high-performance flexible electrochromic applications.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Flexible electrochromic Furan Hybrid Plasma modification Vanadium pentoxide 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the TÜBİTAK/COST (Project No: 114M877) and Mehmet Akif Ersoy University (Project No: 413-YL-17) for their financial support of this study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Esin Eren
    • 1
  • Abdulkerim Yildiz
    • 2
  • Gamze Celik Cogal
    • 1
  • Songul Sen Gursoy
    • 3
  • Emre Uygun
    • 4
  • Lutfi Oksuz
    • 5
  • Aysegul Uygun Oksuz
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and ScienceSuleyman Demirel UniversityIspartaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Material Technology Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and ArchitectureMehmet Akif Ersoy UniversityBurdurTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and ScienceMehmet Akif Ersoy UniversityBurdurTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringSuleyman Demirel UniversityIspartaTurkey
  5. 5.Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and ScienceSuleyman Demirel UniversityIspartaTurkey

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