Synthesis and Photocatalytic Performance of Bi12O17Cl2 Semiconductors Calcined at Different Temperatures

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Abstract

In the current investigation a series of oxygen-rich bismuth oxychloride Bi12O17Cl2 samples through an ethylene glycol-solvothermal route were constructed at different calcination temperatures and fully characterized by X-ray diffraction patterns, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectra, X-ray energy dispersion spectroscopy, and photoluminescence spectra. It was demonstrated that the calcination temperatures indeed had a crucial effect on the crystallinity, grain size, morphology, optical property, and charge carrier separation of Bi12O17Cl2 series. These Bi12O17Cl2 samples showed significantly improved photocatalytic degradation over dye Rhodamine B and colorless antibiotic tetracycline hydrochloride. Particularly, the best candidate, the sample 350 °C—Bi12O17Cl2 could show apparent reaction rate constants that were nearly 28.2, 1.2 times of N–TiO2 over Rhodamine B and tetracycline hydrochloride, respectively. The possible reason of enhancing photocatalytic performance by various Bi12O17Cl2 samples calcined at different temperatures was discussed and major oxidative radicals maybe generated during photocatalytic processes were detected.

Keywords

Bi12O17Cl2 Calcination temperatures Photocatalysis Rhodamine B Tetracycline hydrochloride 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors appreciate the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21207089), the project-sponsored by SRF for ROCS, SEM., the Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai (No. 17ZR1419200), and science and technology development project of University of Shanghai for Science and Technology (No. 2017KJFZ073).

Supplementary material

10904_2017_731_MOESM1_ESM.docx (263 kb)
Supplementary Figure S1 The curve of ln(αhυ) versus ln(hυ-Eg) by using sample 350 °C-Bi12O17Cl2 (DOCX 262 KB)

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environment and ArchitectureUniversity of Shanghai for Science and TechnologyShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Coastal Environmental Processes and Ecological Remediation, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesYantaiPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Institute of Tianjin Seawater Desalination and Multipurpose UtilizationState Oceanic AdministrationTianjinPeople’s Republic of China

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