Recent Advances in Conjugated Transition Metal-containing Polymers and Materials

  • Michael O. WolfEmail author


Metal-containing conjugated oligomers and polymers are reviewed, focusing on the work carried out by the author and coworkers since 1995. The synthesis of model systems, electropolymerizable monomers and polymer films are discussed, along with the electronic and spectroscopic properties of these systems. The application of phosphino-oligothiophene ligands as an entry to conjugated metallopolymers is described.

Key Words

metallopolymers conjugated polymers transition metals electronic properties 



The contributions of the many talented students and coworkers who have contributed to the work described in this review are acknowledged. The Natural Sciences and Engineering Council of Canada is acknowledged for funding.


  1. 1.
    Skotheim T. A., Elsenbaumer R. L., Reynolds J. R. (1998). Handbook of Conducting Polymers. Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barbarella G., Melucci M., Sotgiu G. (2005) Adv. Mater. 17:1581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    McCullough R. D., Lowe R. D., Jayaraman M., Ewbank P. C., Anderson D. L., Tristram-Nagle S. (1993) Synth. Met. 55:1198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Groenendaal L. B., Jonas F., Freitag D., Pielartzik H., Reynolds J. R. (2000) Adv. Mater. 12:481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Marsella M. J., Swager T. M. (1993) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115:12214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. J. Holliday and T. M. Swager, Chem. Commun. 23, (2005)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wolf M. O. (2001) Adv. Mater. 13:545CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hirao T., Higuchi M., Yamaguchi S. (1998) Macromol. Symp. 131:59Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Higuchi M., Imoda D., Hirao T. (1996). Macromolecules 29:8277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    K. D. Glusac, S. Jiang, and K. S. Schanze, Chem. Commun. 2504 (2002)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Liu Y., Li Y., Schanze K. S. (2002) J. Photochem. Photobial. C 3:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. A. Walters, D. M. Dattelbaum, K. D. Ley, J. R. Schoonover, T. J. Meyer, and K. S. Schanze, Chem. Commun. 1834 (2001)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Walters K. A., Ley K. D., Cavalaheiro C. S. P., Miller S. E., Gosztola D., Wasielewski M. R., Bussandri A. P., van Willigen H., Schanze K. S. (2001) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123:8329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wong W. Y. (2005) J. Inorg. Organomet. Polym. 15:197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Deronzier A., Moutet J.-C. (1996) Coord. Chem. Rev. 147:339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yamamoto T., Saitoh Y., Anzai K., Fukumoto H., Yasuda T., Fujiwara, Choi B.-K., Kubota K., Miyamae T. (2003) Macromolecules 36:6722CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zhang M., Lu P., Wang X., He L., Xia H., Zhang W., Yang B., Liu L., Yang L., Yang M., Ma Y., Feng J., Wang D., Tamai N. (2004). J. Phys. Chem. B. 108:13185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhang G., Pei Y., Ma J., Yin K., Chen C.-L. (2004) J. Phys. Chem. B. 108:6988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    D. Fichou and C. Ziegler, in Handbook of Oligo- and Polythiophenes, D. Fichou, ed. (Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 1999), p. 183Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hunter C. A., Lawson K. R., Perkins J., Urch C. J. (2001). J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2:651Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hunter C. A., Sanders J. K. M. (1990) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 112:5525CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Liu Y., Jiang S., Glusac K., Powell D. H., Anderson D. F., Schanze K. S. (2002) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124: 12412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    J. S. Wilson, A. Kohler, R. H. Friend, M. K. Al-Suti, M. R. A. Al-Mandhary, M. S. Khan, and P. R. Raithby, J. Chem. Phys. 113, 7627 (2000)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. F. Berry, F. A. Cotton, and C. A. Murillo, Organometallics 23, 2503 (2004)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. C. Jones, V. Coropceanu, S. Barlow, T. Kinnibrugh, T. Timofeeva, J.-L. Bredas, and S. R. Marder, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 11782 (2004)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    P. J. Low, R. L. Roberts, R. L. Cordiner, and F. Hartl, J. Solid State Electrochem. 9, 717 (2005)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Y. Zhu, O. Clot, M. O. Wolf, and G. P. A. Yap, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 120, 1812 (1998)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    N. D. Jones, M. O. Wolf, and D. M. Giaquinta, Organometallics 16, 1352 (1997)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Y. Zhu and M. O. Wolf, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 10121 (2000)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Roncali J. (1999). J. Mater. Chem. 9:1875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zhu Y., Millet D. B., Wolf M. O., Rettig S. J. (1999). Organometallics 18:1930CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Zhu Y., Wolf M. O. (1999) Chem. Mater. 11:2995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Patil A. O., Heeger A. J., Wudl F. (1988). Chem. Rev. 88:183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Kingsborough R. P., Swager T. M. (1999). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121:8825CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Kingsborough R. P., Swager T. M. (1998). Adv. Mater. 10:1100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Voituriez A., Mellah M., Schulz E. (2006). Synth. Met. 156:166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Angelici R. J. (1990). Coord. Chem. Rev. 105:61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Clot O., Akahori Y., Moorlag C., Leznoff D. B., Wolf M. O., Batchelor R. J., Patrick B. O., Ishii M. (2003) Inorg. Chem. 42:2704CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    O. Clot, M. O. Wolf, G. P. A. Yap, and B. O. Patrick, Dalton 2729 (2000)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Moorlag C., Sih B. C., Stott T. L., Wolf M. O. (2005) J. Mater. Chem. 15:2433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Stott T. L., Wolf M. O. (2004). J. Phys. Chem. B. 114:18815CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Stott T. L., Wolf M. O., Patrick B. O. (2005). Inorg. Chem. 44:620CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Clot O., Wolf M. O., Patrick B. O. (2000). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122:10456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Clot O., Wolf M. O., Patrick B. O. (2001). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123:9963CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Reddinger J. L., Reynolds J. R. (1998) Chem. Mater. 10:1236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Reddinger J. L., Reynolds J. R. (1997) Macromolecules 30:673CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Reddinger J. L., Reynolds J. R. (1997). Synth. Metals. 84:225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Reddinger J. L., Reynolds J. R. (1998). Chem. Mater. 10:3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Fabre P.-L., Garreau B., Thi Bang Tam H., Castan P. (1995). J. Mater. Chem. 5:1285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Alstrum-Acevedo J. H., Brennaman M. K., Meyer T. J. (2005). Inorg. Chem. 44:6802CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Meyer T. J. (1983) Prog. Inorg. Chem. 30:389Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Walters K. A., Trouillet L., Guillerez S., Schanze K. S. (2000). Inorg. Chem. 39:5496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Liu Y., De Nicola A., Reiff O., Ziessel R., Schanze K. S. (2003). J. Phys. Chem. A. 107:3476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Moorlag C., Wolf M. O., Bohne C., Patrick B. O. (2005). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127:6382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    C. Moorlag, O. Clot, M. O. Wolf, and B. O. Patrick, Chem. Commun. 3028 (2002)Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    C. Moorlag, B. Sarkar, C. S. Sanrame, P. Bäuerle, W. Kaim, and M. O. Wolf, Inorg. Chem. 45, 7044 (2006)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

Personalised recommendations