Childhood Adversity and Psychosocial Health Outcomes in Later Life Among Immigrants in Canada

  • Vincent Z. KuuireEmail author
Original Paper


Childhood adversity is known to have an enduring effect on health outcomes of victims. The objective of the study was to examine the association between childhood adversity and psychosocial health outcomes among immigrants in Canada. Using descriptive and inferential statistics and fitting negative loglog regression models to the 2014 General Social Survey, the paper examined the relationship between experience of childhood adversity (i.e. physical and sexual abuse before age 15) and its association with psychosocial health outcomes (i.e. psychological-mental condition and self-rated mental health) among immigrants in Canada. After accounting for relevant socioeconomic and demographic factors, the results show that physical abuse during childhood resulted in 29% and 31% increased likelihood of having a psychological mental condition and poor self-rated mental health, respectively. Also, sexual abuse during childhood was associated with 28% increased likelihood of poor self-rated mental health. In conclusion, the findings show that experience of physical and sexual abuse during childhood is associated with negative mental health outcomes in later life.


Childhood adversity Mental health Immigrants Health Canada 



This project was supported by generous funding from the Connaught New Researcher Award from the Connaught Fund.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

The GSS was approved by Statistics Canada institutional ethics review board. Ethical approval is not required for a secondary analysis of the public use microdata files of the GSS.

Research Involving in Human Participants and/or Animals

The data used in this study does not contain information from human participants performed by the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of Toronto MississaugaMississaugaCanada
  2. 2.Social & Behavioural Health ScienceDalla Lana School of Public Health, University of TorontoTorontoCanada

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