Testing a Religiously Tailored Intervention with Somali American Muslim Women and Somali American Imams to Increase Participation in Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening
Somali American women have low rates of breast and cervical screening. This research aimed to test the feasibility and impact of religiously tailored workshops involving Somali American Muslim women and male imams to improve intention to undergo breast or cervical cancer screening. Religiously tailored workshops addressing cancer screening (each approximately 3 h in length) were conducted with 30 Somali American women and 11 imams. Pre- and post-test surveys measured attitudes toward screening, screening intention, and workshop experience. The workshops were feasible, and both the women and the imams found the workshops enjoyable as well as informative. The discussions of religiously tailored messages had a positive impact on attitudes toward cancer screening, and, for the women, a positive impact on intention to screen. Religiously tailored messages can be an important community asset for engaging Somali American Muslim women around the value of breast and cervical cancer screening.
KeywordsCancer screening Breast Cervical Religious Immigrant Muslim Somali Qualitative Focus group
This work was supported by the Program in Health Disparities Research Small Grant Program, University of Minnesota.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors.
- 1.Omar YS. Social integration and the sense of hope among Somali youth in Austrailia and the United States. Bildhaan: Int J. 2013;12:34Google Scholar
- 2.Jemal A, Bray F, Center MM, Ferlay J, Ward E, Forman D. Global cancer statistics. CA Cancer J Clin. 2011;61(2):69–90.Google Scholar
- 3.Minnesota Community Measures. Cedar Riverside People’s Center|Minnesota HealthScores. http://www.mnhealthscores.org/medical-group/cedar-riverside-peoples-center. Accessed 3 Nov 2017.
- 4.CDC. CDC—cancer screening in the United States. https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/dcpc/research/articles/screening_us.htm. Accessed 8 Oct 2017.
- 7.US Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for breast cancer: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2009;151(10):716.Google Scholar
- 11.Sewali B, Pratt R, Abdiwahab E, Fahia S, Call KT, Okuyemi KS. Understanding cancer screening service utilization by Somali men in Minnesota. J Immigr Minor Health. 2014;17(3):773–80.Google Scholar
- 12.Ghebre RGR, Sewali B, Osman S, Adawe A, Nguyen HT, Okuyemi KS, et al. Cervical cancer: barriers to screening in the Somali community in Minnesota. J Immigr Minor Health. 2014;17(3):722–8.Google Scholar
- 13.Hasnain M, Connell KJK, Menon U, Tranmer PA. Patient-centered care for Muslim women: provider and patient perspectives. J Womens Health. 2011;20(1):73–83.Google Scholar
- 20.Carroll J, Epstein R, Fiscella K, Volpe E, Diaz K, Omar S. Knowledge and beliefs about health promotion and preventive health care among Somali women in the United States. Health Care Women Int. 2007;28(4):360–80.Google Scholar
- 21.Al-Amoudi S, Cañas J, Hohl SD, Distelhorst SR, Thompson B. Breaking the silence: breast cancer knowledge and beliefs among Somali muslim women in Seattle. Wash Health Care Women Int. 2015;36(5):608–16.Google Scholar
- 25.Degni F, Suominen S, Essén B, El Ansari W, Vehviläinen-Julkunen K. Communication and cultural issues in providing reproductive health care to immigrant women: health care providers’ experiences in meeting the needs of Somali women living in Finland. J Immigr Minor Health. 2012;14(2):330–43.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- 26.Johnson CE, Ali SA, Shipp MP-L. Building community-based participatory research partnerships with a Somali refugee community. Am J Prev Med. 2009;37(6 Suppl 1):230-6.Google Scholar
- 41.Bandura A. Self-efficacy. New York: Wiley Online Library; 1994.Google Scholar
- 42.Bandura A. Social cognitive theory: an agentic perspective 1. Asian J Soc Psychol. 1999;2:21–41.Google Scholar