Acceptability, Feasibility and Uptake of HPV Self-Sampling Among Immigrant Minority Women: a Focused Literature Review
This review uncovers the extent to which immigrant and minority women find HPV self-sampling an acceptable and feasible alternative to PAP testing for screening for cervical cancer. A focused literature review was conducted using CINAHL, Medline, Proquest and Pubmed databases to search for content relating to acceptability or feasibility of HPV self-testing for immigrant populations or minorities. 575 prospective relevant papers were included in the final analysis and 28 selected using the inclusion and exclusion criteria. HPV self-sampling was found to be acceptable and feasible among immigrant and minority women. Participants studied indicated the importance of providing in-depth educational documents, diagrams, illustrations and supplementary resources in future HPV self-sampling studies. HPV self-sampling has the potential to significantly increase cervical cancer screening participation rates amongst immigrant and minority women. Future research studies should incorporate methods to increase the efficacy and acceptability of HPV self-testing amongst immigrant and minority women.
KeywordsHPV self-sampling Human papillomavirus Immigrant women Ethnic minorities Cervical cancer screening
- 1.Government of Canada. Trends in the incidence and mortality of female reproductive system cancers. (2015). https://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-624-x/2015001/article/14095-eng.htm.
- 2.Canadian Cancer Society’s Advisory Committee on Cancer Statistics. Canadian Cancer Statistics 2017 Canadian Cancer Society:Toronto; (2017)Google Scholar
- 3.Flores Y, Shah K, Lazcano E, Hernández M, Bishai D, Ferris DG, Lörincz A, Hernández P, Salmerón J. Morelos HPV study collaborators. Design and methods of the evaluation of an HPV-based cervical cancer screening strategy in Mexico: the morelos HPV study. Salud Publ Mex. 2002;44(4):335–44.Google Scholar
- 5.Zehbe I, Moeller H, Severini A, Weaver B, Escott N, Bell C, Escott N, Bell C, Crawford S, Bannon D, Paavola N. Feasibility of self-sampling and human papillomavirus testing for cervical cancer screening in First Nation women from Northwest Ontario, Canada: a pilot study. BMJ Open. 2011;1(1):1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 6.Ogilvie GS, Patrick DM, Schulzer M, Sellors JW, Petric M, Chambers K, White R, FitzGerald JM. Diagnostic accuracy of self collected vaginal specimens for human papillomavirus compared to clinician collected human papillomavirus specimens: a meta-analysis. Sex Transm Dis. 2005;81(3):207–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 8.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017). Accessed 14 July 2017, https://www.cdc.gov/.
- 9.Statcan Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity in Canada. (2016). http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/as-sa/99-010-x/99-010-x2011001-eng.cfm.
- 26.Moscicki AB, Widdice L, Ma Y, Yifei M, Yifei M, Farhat S, Miller-Benningfield S, Jonte J, Jay J, Goodwin-deMedina C, Hanson E, Clayton L, Shiboski S. Comparison of natural histories of human papillomavirus detected by clinician-and self-sampling. Int J Cancer. 2010;127(8):1882–92.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 30.Ma’som M, Bhoo-Pathy N, Nasir NH Bellinson J, Subramaniam S, Ma Y, Yap S-H, Goh P-P. Gravitt P, Woo YL. Attitudes and factors affecting acceptability of self-administered cervicovaginal sampling for human papillomavirus (HPV) genotyping as an alternative to Pap testing among multiethnic Malaysian women. BMJ Open. 2016;6(8):1–7.Google Scholar
- 32.Karjalainen L, Anttila A, Nieminen P, Luostarinen T, Virtanen A. Self-sampling in cervical cancer screening: comparison of a brush-based and a lavage-based cervicovaginal self-sampling device. BMC Cancer 2016. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-016-2246-9.
- 34.Gök M, Heideman DA, van Kemenade FJ, de Vries AL, Berkhof J, Rozendaal L, Beliën JA, Overbeek L, Babović M, Snijders PJ, Meijer CJ. Offering self-sampling for human papillomavirus testing to non-attendees of the cervical screening programme: characteristics of the responders. Eur J Cancer. 2012;48(12):1799–808.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 35.Castell S, Krause G, Schmitt M, Pawlita M, Deleré Y, Obi N, Flesch-Janys D, Kemmling Y, Kaufmann AM. Feasibility and acceptance of cervicovaginal self-sampling within the German National Cohort (Pretest 2). Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2014;57(11):1270–6.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar