Associations of Self-Silencing and Egalitarian Attitudes with HIV Prevention Behaviors Among Latina Immigrant Farmworkers
Latinas in farmworker communities are at particularly higher risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) due to the vulnerable circumstances they experience. However, little is known about the factors influencing HIV prevention behaviors in this population. The aim of this study was to examine the associations of self-silencing behaviors and egalitarian attitudes toward women in relation to three HIV prevention behaviors: self-efficacy for HIV prevention, intentions to negotiate safe sex, and HIV-related knowledge. This study is a cross-sectional analysis that used hierarchical multiple regression models to examine these previously mentioned associations, among Latina immigrant farmworkers from Miami-Dade County, Florida (n = 232). Findings indicated that self-silencing behaviors were adversely associated with the three HIV preventive behaviors whereas egalitarian attitudes were positively associated. Findings from this study may help to advance the understanding of sociocultural determinants of HIV prevention behaviors among Latina immigrants.
KeywordsLatino/a Immigrant Farmworkers HIV/AIDS prevention Self-silencing
Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (P20 MD002288) and National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (K01 AA025992). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. The authors would like to acknowledge Dr. Gira Ravelo, Maria A. Khalona and Weize Wang and all the interviewers for their work collecting and cleaning the data during the project, and acknowledge Arnaldo Gonzalez for his editing support. We would also like to acknowledge our community partner MUJER, Inc. for their support, and the study participants.
- 1.Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). CDC Fact Sheet HIV among Latinos. 2017. https://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/newsroom/docs/factsheets/cdc-hiv-latinos-508.pdf. Accessed 23 Oct 2017.
- 2.CDC: HIV Among Hispanics/Latinos. 2017. https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/group/racialethnic/hispaniclatinos/index.html. Accessed 23 Oct 2017.
- 8.CDC: HIV infection, syphilis, and tuberculosis screening among migrant farm workers—Florida. MMWR. 1992;41(39):723–5.Google Scholar