Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 364–371 | Cite as

Predicting the Influence of Situational and Immigration Stress on Latino Day Laborers’ Workplace Injuries: An Exploratory Structural Equation Model

  • Maria Eugenia Fernández-EsquerEmail author
  • Kathryn R. Gallardo
  • Pamela M. Diamond
Original Paper


Latino day laborers are a socially and economically marginalized immigrant population with a high risk of occupational injury. These workers confront multiple social, psychological, and environmental hardships that increase their risk for adverse health outcomes. How these stressors interact and influence work-related injuries in this population remains unclear. We conducted an exploratory study with 327 Latino day laborers who completed a community survey. We developed a structural equation model, using cross-sectional data to explore the relationships among socioeconomic status, situational and immigration stress, depression, work risk exposure, and occupational injury. The model revealed a statistically significant mediated effect from situational stress to injury through work risk exposure as well as a significant mediated effect from immigration stress through depression to injury. These initial findings suggest that situational and immigration-related stress have a detrimental impact on Latino day laborers’ mental health and workplace safety and, ultimately, increase their risk of occupational injury.


Day laborers Latino workers Workplace injury Stress Immigration 



The funding for this study was provided to the first author by St. Luke's Episcopal Health Charities.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Texas at Houston School of Public HealthHoustonUSA

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