Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 21–29 | Cite as

Perceived Racial Discrimination and Pain Intensity/Disability Among Economically Disadvantaged Latinos in a Federally Qualified Health Center: The Role of Anxiety Sensitivity

  • Jafar Bakhshaie
  • Andrew H. Rogers
  • Nubia A. Mayorga
  • Joseph Ditre
  • Rubén Rodríguez-Cano
  • Ana C. Ruiz
  • Andres G. Viana
  • Monica Garza
  • Chad Lemaire
  • Melissa Ochoa-Perez
  • Daniel Bogiaizian
  • Michael J. ZvolenskyEmail author
Original Paper


The present study examined the role of anxiety sensitivity (AS; fear of the negative consequences of anxiety) in the relation between perceived racial discrimination and pain-related problems among Latinos seeking health services at a Federally Qualified Health Center. Participants included 145 adult Latinos (87.80% female, Mage = 38.07 years, SD = 11.98, and 96.2% reported Spanish as their first language). Results indicated that perceived racial discrimination was indirectly related to the pain intensity and pain disability through AS. These effects were evident above and beyond the variance accounted for by gender, age, marital status, educational status, employment status, years living in the United States, and number of axis I diagnoses. Overall, the present findings highlight the merit in focusing further scientific attention on the interplay between perceived racial discrimination and AS to better understand and inform interventions to reduce pain problems among Latinos in primary care.


Perceived discrimination Pain intensity Pain disability Disparity Latino Anxiety sensitivity 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jafar Bakhshaie
    • 1
  • Andrew H. Rogers
    • 1
  • Nubia A. Mayorga
    • 1
  • Joseph Ditre
    • 2
  • Rubén Rodríguez-Cano
    • 3
  • Ana C. Ruiz
    • 1
  • Andres G. Viana
    • 1
  • Monica Garza
    • 4
  • Chad Lemaire
    • 4
  • Melissa Ochoa-Perez
    • 4
  • Daniel Bogiaizian
    • 5
  • Michael J. Zvolensky
    • 1
    • 6
    • 7
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologySyracuse UniversitySyracuseUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychology and PsychobiologyUniversity of Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain
  4. 4.Legacy Community HealthHoustonUSA
  5. 5.Psychotherapeutic Area of “Asociación Ayuda”, Anxiety Disorders ClinicBuenos AiresArgentina
  6. 6.Department of Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA
  7. 7.Department of PsychologyUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA

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