Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 56–65 | Cite as

Characteristics of Physical Aggression in Children of Immigrant Mothers and Non-immigrant Mothers: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Survey of Young Canadians

  • Theresa H. M. KimEmail author
  • Sukhleen Deol
  • Monica Lee
  • Hala Tamim
Original Paper


Physical aggression (PA) is important to regulate as early as the preschool years in order to ensure healthy development of children. This study aims to determine the prevalence and characteristics of PA in children of immigrant and non-immigrant mothers. Secondary data analysis was conducted using the nationwide 2010 Survey for Young Canadians, limited to children 4–9 years of age. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression was performed, with the outcome, PA, and covariates including maternal, child, household and neighbourhood characteristics. Twenty percent of children of non-immigrant mothers and 16% of children of immigrant mothers reported PA. The only common characteristic of PA between children of non-immigrant (Adj OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.09–1.89) and immigrant mothers (Adj OR 2.08, 95% CI 1.07–4.03) was viewing violent movies/shows. The characteristics of PA differ between children of immigrant versus non-immigrant mothers therefore healthcare providers, policy makers, and researchers should be mindful to address PA in these two groups separately, and find ways to tailor current recommended coping strategies and teach children alternative ways to solve problems based on their needs.


Physical aggression Preschool children Immigrants Mothers 



This research was supported by funds to the Canadian Research Data Centre Network (CRDCN) from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC), the Canadian Institute for Health Research (CIHR), the Canadian Foundation for Innovation (CFI), and Statistics Canada. Although the research and analysis are based on data from Statistics Canada, the opinions expressed do not represent the views of Statistics Canada or the Canadian Research Data Centre Network (CRDCN). We would like to thank the staff analysts at the York Region Statistics Canada Research Data Centre.

Data Availability

This study was based on a secondary analysis of the Survey of Young Canadians (SYC) database collected by Statistics Canada, which requires the researcher to submit an application to access the data at the Research Data Centre. Access to the SYC database was obtained through the Research Data Centre in Toronto, approved by Social Sciences and Humanities Council of Canada. The data is available through submitting a formal application to the Research Data Centre in Canada.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethics Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors. The SYC research protocol was reviewed by the Health Canada’s Science Advisory Board and Research Ethics Board and the Federal Privacy Commissioner, and approved by the Statistics Canada’s Policy Committee. Access to the SYC database was obtained through the Research Data Centre in Toronto, approved by Social Sciences and Humanities Council of Canada.

Informed Consent

For this type of study formal consent is not required as it was based on a secondary analysis of the data collected by Statistics Canada, Government of Canada. Access to the SYC database was obtained through the Research Data Centre in Toronto, approved by Social Sciences and Humanities Council of Canada.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Kinesiology and Health ScienceYork UniversityTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Child Health Evaluative Sciences, Research InstituteThe Hospital for Sick ChildrenTorontoCanada

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