Disparities in Health Care Coverage Among U.S. Born and Mexican/Central American Born Labor Workers in the U.S.
- 610 Downloads
We examined health insurance coverage among U.S. and Mexican/Central American (M/CA) born labor workers living in the U.S. Using data from the 2010–2015 National Health Interview Survey, we employed logistic regression models to examine health insurance coverage and covariates among U.S. and M/CA born labor workers. Prevalence ratios between U.S. and M/CA born workers were also obtained. U.S. born workers had double the prevalence of insurance coverage. Regarding private insurance coverage, U.S. born workers had a higher prevalence of coverage compared to their M/CA born counterparts. Among foreign born workers with U.S. citizenship, the odds of having insurance coverage was greater than that of noncitizens. Additionally, those who had lived in the U.S. for 10 or more years had higher odds of having health insurance coverage. Disparities in health care coverage exist between U.S. born and foreign born labor workers.
KeywordsImmigrant Health care Epidemiology United States
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
No conflict of interest to report for Hammig, Henry, and Davis.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
Research Involving Human and Animal Participants
All procedures involving human participants received Institutional Review Board approval.
- 2.Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Understanding and Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care; Smedley BD, Stith AY, Nelson AR, editors. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2003.Google Scholar
- 3.Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). CDC health disparities and inequalities report-United States. 2011. https://www.cdc.gov/minorityhealth/chdireport.html. Accessed 22 Mar 2017.
- 5.Krogstad JMPJ, Cohn D. 5 Facts about illegal immigration in the U.S. 2016. Pew Research Center. 2017. http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/04/27/5-facts-about-illegal-immigration-in-the-u-s/. Accessed 5 Mar 2017.
- 6.Zong JBJ. Frequently requested statistics on immigrants and immigration in the United States. Migration Policy Institute. 2017. https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/frequently-requested-statistics-immigrants-and-immigration-united-states. Accessed 3 April 2017.
- 7.Lowell L, Gelatt J, Batalova J. Immigrants and labor force trends: the future, past, and present. Migration Policy Institute. 2006. https://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/immigrants-and-labor-force-trends-future-past-and-present. Accessed 7 Apr 2017.
- 8.Cohn D. Future immigration will change the face of America by 2065. Pew Research Center. 2015. http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/10/05/future-immigration-will-change-the-face-of-america-by-2065/. Accessed 5 May 2017.
- 9.Mosisa AT. BLS spotlight: foreign-born workers in the U.S. labor force. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2013. http://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/key_workplace/1760/. Accessed 22 Feb 2017.
- 10.Passel JS, Cohn D Share of unauthorized immigrant workers in production, construction jobs falls since 2007. Pew Research Center, 2015. http://www.pewhispanic.org/2015/03/26/share-of-unauthorized-immigrant-workers-in-production-construction-jobs-falls-since-2007/. Accessed 17 Feb 2017.
- 14.Pereira KMCR., Fortuny K, Pedroza JM, Ulvestad K, Weiland C, Yoshikawa H, Chaudry A. Barriers to immigrants’ access to health and human services programs. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2012. https://aspe.hhs.gov/basic-report/barriers-immigrants-access-health-and-human-services-programs. Accessed 20 May 2017.
- 15.Garcini LM, Ayala GX, Molina M, Quintanar E, Johansen C, Hector R. Predictors of routine medical care use among Mexican immigrants/Mexican-Americans varying in legal status. J Field Actions. 2015(13): 1–10.Google Scholar
- 17.Wallace SP, Rodriguez M, Padilla-Frausto I, Arredondo A, Orozco E. Improving access to health care for undocumented immigrants in the United States. Salud Publica Mex. 2013;55(Suppl 4):S508-14.Google Scholar
- 18.Fronstin P, Goldberg LG, Robins PK. Differences in private health insurance coverage for working male Hispanics. Inquiry. 1997;34(2):171 – 80.Google Scholar
- 21.Center for Construction Research and Training. The construction chart book: the U.S. construction industry and its workers. 2013. https://www.cpwr.com/publications/construction-chart-book. Accessed 14 Jan 2017.
- 22.Rivera JL, Zuniga GC. A regional approach to health care reform: the Texas border. Health Care Manag. 2015;34(1):44–53.Google Scholar
- 23.Parsons VL, Moriarity C, Jonas K, Moore TF, Davis KE, Tompkins L. Design and estimation for the national health interview survey, 2006–2015. Vital Health Stat. 2014(165):1–53.Google Scholar
- 24.U.S. Census Bureau. North American industry classification system. http://www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/. 2016. Accessed 10 Jan 2017.
- 30.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Health disparities experienced by Hispanics-United States. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2004; 53(40): 935–7.Google Scholar