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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 902–908 | Cite as

Depression, Metabolic Syndrome, and Locus of Control in Arab Americans Living in the DC Metropolitan Area: A Structural Equation Model

  • Nawar M. Shara
  • Alexander Zeymo
  • Zeid Abudiab
  • Jason G. Umans
  • Soleman Abu-Bader
  • Asqual Getaneh
  • Barbara V. Howard
Original Paper

Abstract

Arab Americans have high prevalences of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and depression. Depression and external locus of control (LOC) may worsen MetS. We examined the relationship between depression and MetS with a convenience sample of 136 Arab Americans living in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area. Participants were surveyed with the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control questionnaire and the Center of Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale. Laboratory measurements were collected based on the components of MetS. A structural equation model was used to explore the relationship between MetS and depression through analysis of LOC. MetS was significantly correlated with external LOC (powerful others and chance), and depression was correlated with a weak internal LOC. Future study of the effect of LOC on health outcomes in Arab Americans may be used to mitigate MetS and depression in this population.

Keywords

Arab Americans Depression Locus of control Metabolic syndrome SEM 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number UL1TR001409. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. We thank Rachel Schaperow, MedStar Health Research Institute, for editing the manuscript.

Funding

This research was funded by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences of the National Institutes of Health (Award Number UL1TR001409).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nawar M. Shara
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alexander Zeymo
    • 1
  • Zeid Abudiab
    • 1
  • Jason G. Umans
    • 1
    • 2
  • Soleman Abu-Bader
    • 3
  • Asqual Getaneh
    • 1
  • Barbara V. Howard
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.MedStar Health Research InstituteHyattsvilleUSA
  2. 2.Georgetown-Howard Universities Center for Clinical and Translational ScienceWashingtonUSA
  3. 3.Howard UniversityWashingtonUSA

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