A Comprehensive Health Profile of Guyanese Immigrants Aged 18–64 in Schenectady, New York
- 87 Downloads
Guyanese immigrants are the 5th largest foreign-born group in NY State, but sparse literature is available on their health status and health needs. A community-based health interview survey of Schenectady NY residents aged 18–64 (N = 1861) was analyzed. Bivariate comparisons between Guyanese respondents and White, Black, and Hispanic respondents were made for each variable to identify disparities. As predominantly low SES immigrants, Guyanese adults were less likely to be covered by health insurance, have a usual place for care, and receive cancer screenings. They were more likely to engage in alcohol binge drinking, but generally in good overall physical and mental health and less likely to smoke or report disability. Stable family structure and supportive interpersonal relationships are major assets of this group. Improved access to affordable health insurance, linkages to primary care, targeted cancer screening programs, and culturally-sensitive behavioral health services are recommended for Guyanese immigrants.
KeywordsGuyanese immigrants Healthcare access Healthcare utilization Cancer screening Health behavior
The Schenectady Foundation provided funding for the UMS survey. We thank Ellis Medicine in Schenectady for their support of this study.
- 1.U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Yearbook of Immigration Statistics 2014. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Homeland Security; 2015. https://www.dhs.gov/immigration-statistics/yearbook/2014. Accessed 28 Feb 2017.
- 2.United States Census Bureau. American Community Survey. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of Commerce; 2015. http://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/. Accessed 28 Feb 2017.
- 3.City of New York Department of City Planning. The newest New Yorkers: characteristics of the city’s foreign-born population. New York; 2013.Google Scholar
- 6.Kim M, Van Wye G, Kerker B, Thorpe L, Frieden T. The health of immigrants in New York City. New York: New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; 2006.Google Scholar
- 9.Bhattacharya R. The Sly Company of People who Care. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux; 2011.Google Scholar
- 10.Institute of Medicine. The future of the public’s health in the 21st century. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press; 2003.Google Scholar
- 12.National Association of County and City Health Officials. Mobilizing for action through planning and partnerships. Washington, D.C.: National Association of County and City Health Officials; 2000.Google Scholar
- 14.United States Prevention Services Task Force. Recommendations for primary care practice. https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/. Accessed 28 May 2017.
- 25.World Health Organization. Preventing suicide: a global imperative, 2014. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2014. http://www.who.int/mental_health/suicide-prevention/world_report_2014/en/. Accessed 28 Feb 2017.
- 26.Harry B, Balseiro J, Harry I, Schultz A, Mc Bean R. Profile of suicidal behaviour in Guyana. A retrospective study from 2010 to 2012. Caribbean Public Health Agency 60th Annual Scientific Meeting; 2015; Kingston, Jamaica: West Indian Medical Journal Supplement. [Conference Abstract].Google Scholar