Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 909–919 | Cite as

Factors Associated to Medication Consumption Among the Immigrant Population Residing in Spain

  • Díaz-Rodríguez Dania Rocío
  • Hernández-Barrera Valentín
  • Jiménez-Trujillo Isabel
  • Carrasco-Garrido Pilar
Original Paper


We aimed to determine the prevalence of medication use by the immigrant population residing in Spain, and to identify the factors associated with this consumption. Descriptive cross-sectional study was performed using secondary data retrieved from the 2012 Spanish National Health Survey (SNHS). Using logistic multivariate regression analysis, three models were generated: one for immigrants from high income countries (HIC), another for immigrants from low income countries (LIC), and a third one for the native population. The prevalence of total consumption of medicinal products is greater in the native population (61.75%) than in the immigrant population (HIC: 56.22%; LIC: 48.55%). Analgesics are the most consumed drugs in all the groups. Greater medication consumption is associated with being female, being of an advanced age (immigrants from HIC: AOR 9.75, for older than 75 years), the presence of chronic disease, a perception of bad health (HIC: AOR 3.48) and the use of emergency services (LIC immigrants: AOR 1.68). Medicine consumption in the immigrant population living in Spain is lower than in the native population. The factors associated with this consumption are similar; however, LIC immigrants who needed healthcare services and did not receive them presented a greater probability of consuming medicinal products.


Immigrants Medications consumption Associated factors Healthcare services 



This study was funded by the FIS [Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitarias—Health Research Fund, grant no. PI13/00369, Instituto de Salud Carlos III] co-financed by the European Union through the Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional [FEDER, “Una manera de hacer Europa”]. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors. This Project doesn’t need any certificate from the ethics committee, given the nature of such research. All the surveys analyzed were anonymous and dissociated and no personal information is recognized. It’s in accordance with what is stated in the second paragraph, point 5 (Orden SAS/3470/2009, December 16th) and not being within the assumptions established in Article 2.e (Law 14/2007, June 3rd) concerning Biomedical Research.

Informed consent

No informed consent was required.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hospital Universitario del HenaresCosladaSpain
  2. 2.Preventive Medicine and Public Health Teaching and Research Unit, Health Sciences FacultyRey Juan Carlos UniversityAlcorcónSpain

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