Changing SNAP-Participation Trends Among Farmworker Households in the U.S., 2003–2012
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We investigated Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation among citizen, documented and undocumented immigrant hired crop farmworkers for ten recent years. We analyzed population representative data from the National Agricultural Workers Survey for 2003–2012 (N = 18,243 households). Time-chart, simple mean differences, and logistic regressions described farmworker household participation in SNAP. The 2008 financial crisis almost doubled SNAP-participation by agriculture households (6.5% in 2003–2007 vs. 11.3% in 2008–2012). The increasing SNAP-participation was found for citizen, documented and undocumented immigrant households. We found low participation among documented (OR 0.67, 95% CI 0.56–0.8) and undocumented immigrants (OR 0.63, 95% CI 0.54–0.74) compared to citizens. Low odds ratios (OR 0.70, 95% CI 0.55–0.89) were found for Hispanic-citizens as compared with non-Hispanic white-citizens. Our results may help inform the debate surrounding the effects of the financial crisis on SNAP-participation and on differences in participation among citizens, immigrants, Hispanics and non-Hispanics, the latter suggesting ethnic farmworker disparities in SNAP-participation.
KeywordsSNAP participation Food Stamps Farmworkers Nutrition programs and policies
JPL acknowledges partial support from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2U54OH007550-11.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors have no conflict of interest to declare.
This article does not contain data concerning human participants or animals collected by either of the authors. Specific individuals within the National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS) cannot be identified. The NAWS data do not require special consideration by Human Subjects Ethics Committees because exemption #4 from the National Institutes for Health (NIH) involving publically available data applies.
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