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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 19, Issue 5, pp 1196–1206 | Cite as

Relationships Between Integration and Drug Use Among Deported Migrants in Tijuana, Mexico

  • Danielle Horyniak
  • Miguel Pinedo
  • Jose Luis Burgos
  • Victoria D. Ojeda
Original Paper

Abstract

Deported migrants face numerous challenges which may elevate their risk for drug use. We examined relationships between integration and drug use among deported migrants in Tijuana, Mexico. A cross-sectional survey conducted at a free health clinic included 255 deported Mexican-born migrants residing in Tijuana ≥6 months. Multivariable logistic regression examined associations between variables across four integration domains (public participation, social connections, macro-level facilitators and foundations) and recent (past 6-month) drug use. The prevalence of recent drug use was 46 %. Having sought work in Tijuana in the past 6 months, greater household affluence, lifetime history of incarceration in both US and Mexico, and lacking health insurance were independently associated with recent drug use. Policies that support access to employment, adequate housing and healthcare in Mexico, particularly for justice-involved deportees, may facilitate successful integration and reduce potential stressors that may contribute to drug use.

Keywords

Migration Deportation Integration Illicit drug use Mexico 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the study participants for sharing their experiences with us, and our collaborators at PrevenCasa for their continued support. We acknowledge funding from the following sources: Australian Endeavour Awards (#4722_2015 - Horyniak), Australian National Health & Medical Research Council (Early Career Fellowship #1092077 - Horyniak), US National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (T32AA007240 - Pinedo), US National Institute on Drug Abuse (K01DA025504 - Ojeda), US National Institute of Mental Health (K01MH095680 - Burgos), University of California GloCal Health Fellowship (Ojeda), and Center for US-Mexican Studies Fellowship (Ojeda). The funding bodies played no role in the study design, data analysis or preparation of the manuscript for publication.

Author Contributions

VO and JLB developed and implemented the overall study that produced the data. VO and DH conceptualised this manuscript. DH performed data analysis and drafted the manuscript. All authors commented and contributed text, and gave approval for the manuscript to be submitted.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danielle Horyniak
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Miguel Pinedo
    • 4
  • Jose Luis Burgos
    • 1
  • Victoria D. Ojeda
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Global Public Health, School of MedicineUniversity of California San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  2. 2.Centre for Population HealthBurnet InstituteMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.School of Public Health and Preventive MedicineMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  4. 4.Alcohol Research GroupUniversity of California BerkeleyEmeryvilleUSA

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